Grammar Info

N1 Lesson 1: 17/17


That..., (Surprised) that..., (Never expected) that..., (Shocked) that...


Verb + (など)+
Noun + ((1))+ (など)+
[い]Adjective + (など)+
[な]Adjective + ((1))+ (など)+

(1) だった


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About とは

とは is an emphatic structure that is regularly seen at the end of sentences, and will imply that the statement before it is shocking, appalling, or unexpected. In English, it translates very similarly as 'to think that (A)' in that it expresses a strong emotional response without expressly saying what that exact response is.
とは is a combination of the case-marking particle と in its quotation use, and the adverbial particle は. In this way, it is just marking the whole statement of (A) as what is being highlighted as the topic, without actually stating anything else about it.
  • まさかこんな場所(ばしょ)でなつみちゃんに()とは元気(げんき)にしてた?
    I would have never expected to see you at a place like this! How have you been?
  • こんな(やす)(いえ)()えるとは(おも)わなかったよ。
    I did not think that I would have been able to buy a house this cheap.
  • (きみ)があんなに(はや)(はし)れるとは...なんで(いま)まで(だま)っていたんだい?
    I had no idea that you could run that fast… Why did you keep this from us?
とは may sometimes be seen following など or similar structures, and in these cases will just imply that 'something like (A)' is what is shocking.
  • こんな簡単(かんたん)なことで失敗(しっぱい)するなどとは(おも)っていなかったが、あいつに(まか)せた(おれ)(わる)い。
    I was not expecting him to fail at something so simple, but it was my fault for leaving it to him.
  • まさか(かれ)(わたし)()らないところでそんなひどいことを()っていたなどとは...
    I had no idea that he was saying such horrible things behind my back…
Although it is common for とは to come at the end of a sentence with the actual feeling word omitted, the speaker may expressly state their reaction afterwards.
  • 高橋(たかはし)さんがもう結婚(けっこん)していたとは(おどろ)いた。
    I was surprised to hear that Mr. Takahashi was already married.




    I would never have even dreamed that sickly and reserved Tanaka-san would become a boxing champion. (never expected)


    I (never expected) that I would lose 10kg in two months! This diet is super effective!


    I was surprised that Mary-san and Takeshi-san went on another honeymoon last year.


    I (never expected) that I would come across Keanu Reeves in a place like this!


    'It's unbelievable that I spoke with him just recently, and yet today is his funeral.' (never expected)

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とは – Grammar Discussion

Most Recent Replies (3 in total)

  • wct


    Is this とは the same ‘とは’ as the ‘とは’ used in とは限らない とはかぎらない -? (Namely,

  • nekoyama


    Isn’t this hint a bit too helpful?

  • Pushindawood


    @nekoyama Thank you for pointing this out to me so that I could get it fixed. Cheers!

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