Grammar Info

N4 Lesson 10: 5/18

()える

It seems that, It can be deduced, One can conclude that

Structure

Verb + みえる
[い]Adjective + みえる
[な]Adjective + () + みえる
Noun + () + みえる

Details

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    Standard

  • 使用域

    一般

About とみえる

とみえる (primarily written only in hiragana) is a phrase that combines the case marking particle , with the る-Verb()える 'to appear', or 'to be visible'.
This use of the particle in Japanese is called a result, and marks when (A) is something that has come to a conclusion, or can be concluded. In this way とみえる literally means 'from the way it appears, one can conclude that it's (A)'. However, this translates a bit more smoothly as 'it can be deduced that (A)', or 'it seems that (A)'.
This expression is always used directly after the phrase that it is drawing as a conclusion. However, nouns and な-Adjectives will require before とみえる.
  • (いえ)(まど)(そと)から()られてい泥棒(どろぼう)(はい)られとみえる
    The windows of the house have been broken from the outside, so I can deduce that a burglar came in.
  • (かれ)上着(うわぎ)()いだ(かれ)(あつ)とみえる
    He took off his jacket, so it seems that he is hot.
  • (かれ)サンドイッチ(のこ)(かれ)サンドイッチ(きら)とみえる
    He left the sandwich, so I can conclude that he doesn't like sandwiches.
  • トム今日(きょう)会社(かいしゃ)()なかった。トム昨日(きのう)風邪(かぜ)()いたから今日(きょう)(やす)とみえる
    Tom didn't come to work today. He caught a cold yesterday, so I can conclude that he is resting today.
While this phrase is conjecture (making a guess about something), it usually implies that the speaker has done some sort of research, or has some reason that led them to 'draw (A) as a conclusion'. Due to this, it appears reasonably confident.
Fun Fact
always 'sums up' things. As a quotation, it sums up the phrase before it as either something that was said, or thought. As 一緒(いっしょ) 'being together', it sums up groups of things that are existing/performing actions mutually. Lastly, as a result, it sums up causes, and then illustrates their effects.
  • 先生(せんせい)生徒(せいと)廊下(ろうか)(はし)()
    The teacher said 'don't run in the hallway' to the students.
  • (はは)レストラン()
    I went to the restaurant with my mother.
  • 昼寝(ひるね)する(よる)()くなる
    I can't fall asleep at night if I take a nap during the day.

Examples

  • あの(おや)(やさ)しい()

    Those parents seem nice.

  • (いえ)()ったけど留守(るす)()

    I went to their house, but it seemed that they weren't home.

  • (かれ)マラソン(はし)った()えてハアハア()っている

    It seems that he ran a marathon, he is breathing heavily.

  • テスト()ちたから勉強(べんきょう)してなかった()える

    Since he failed the test, one can conclude that he did not study.

  • (みず)()えた、ラムネでした

    It seemed that it was water, but it was lemon soda. (One can conclude that)

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とみえる – Grammar Discussion

Most Recent Replies (14 in total)

  • Kuromaku

    Kuromaku

    About 4 years ago

    Can someone explain to me how this sentence works?

    今日の宿題は難しかった とみえて 、誰も終わらせてなかった。

    Specifically とみえて I just don’t get it.

    The rest is fine.

  • eefara

    eefara

    About 4 years ago

    This looks like a pretty straightforward example of the grammar point. とみえる means “it seems that”, and とみえて is just the て form, allowing the two thoughts in the sentence to connect: “it seems today’s homework was difficult” and “no one finished it”.

  • bsmith99

    bsmith99

    About 7 months ago

    Do the parentheses mean that “da” is optional when used with nouns?

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