Grammar Info
N3 Lesson 7: 12/21

に当(あ)たる
correspond to, amounts to, equals to, is appropriate

Structure
Casual
Polite
Noun + に当たる
Noun + に当たる + Noun
Noun + に当たります
Noun + に当たる + Noun
Details
Register Standard
使用域 一般
Information
As mentioned in our 当(あ)たり lesson, 当(あ)たる often has a meaning that is similar to に対(たい)して ‘to be in regard to’. Due to this, when combined with the 格助詞(かくじょし) (case marking particle) , に当(あ)たる will be translated as ‘to correspond to’, ‘to amount to’, ‘to be appropriate for’, or ‘to be in regard to’. These may seem quite different, but we will examine the similarities shortly.
To use に当(あ)たる, attach it to the end of an (A) noun that you would like to mark as being the ‘point of reference’. (B) may come directly after に当(あ)たる, or earlier in the sentence, so long as it is clearly separated from (A).
  • 英語(えいご)「what’s up」は日本語(にほんご)「元気(げんき)」に当(あ)たる表現(ひょうげん)
    'What's up' in English corresponds to the expression 'genki' in Japanese.
  • その人(ひと)は私(わたし)親戚(しんせき)に当(あ)たる人(ひと)です
    That person is my relative.
  • 先生(せんせい)はタナカ君(くん)いとこに当(あ)たる
    The teacher is Tanaka-kun's cousin.
  • 今年(ことし)は仕事(しごと)始(はじ)めてから5年目(ねんめ)に当(あ)たる
    This year amounts to the 5th year since I've started working. (It's been 5 years since I've started this job)
As for the link between に対(たい)して and に当(あ)たる, it is as follows. In に対(たい)して, (A) and (B) exist simultaneously, but (B) opposes something about (A). に当(あ)たる, (A) and (B) exist simultaneously, but (B) matches something about (A). Due to this, unless the speaker is specifically trying to highlight something that is ‘opposing’, or ‘matching’, the base meaning of ‘(A) and (B) existing simultaneously’ may be the standard translation.
  • ハクは納豆(なっとう)食(た)べるのが好(す)きのに対(たい)して、チヒロは納豆(なっとう)があまり好(す)きじゃない
    As opposed to Haku who likes eating natto, Chihiro does not like eating it as much.
  • 「Hello」は日本(にほん)「こんにちは」に当(あ)たる言葉(ことば)です
    'Hello' corresponds to the Japanese word 'konnichiwa'.
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ある漫画家(まんがか)によるとポーランド語(ご)の「 ザクシャ・イン・ラブ 」はおおよそ日本(にほん)の「愛(あい)を永遠(えいえん)に」に当(あ)たるらしい。
According to a certain manga artist, the Polish "Zawsze in love" is roughly equivalent to "forever in love".
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英語(えいご)には仕事(しごと)を終(お)えて帰(かえ)る言(い)う「お疲(つか)れ様(さま)でした。」に当(あ)たる表現(ひょうげん)はない。
In English, there is no expression corresponding to "otsukaresamadeshita," which is said when leaving to go home after finishing work.
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日本語(にほんご)能力(のうりょく)試験(しけん)中(ちゅう)には「四(よっ)つの言葉(ことば)の選択肢(せんたくし)のうち、★の位置(いち)に当(あ)たるものがどれですか」のような問題(もんだい)ある
There are also questions on the JLPT like "Among these four (word) choices, which one corresponds to the field with the ★?".
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