Grammar Info
N4 Lesson 9: 11/15

様(よう)に言(い)う
To tell/request/order to do (in such a way)

Structure
Casual
Formal
Verb + ように + 言う

(1) たのむ、めいじる
Verb + ように + 言います

(1) たのみます、めいじます
Details
Register Standard
使用域 一般
Information
ようにいう is an expression which combines the auxiliary verb ようだ, with the う-Verb 言(い)う. This indicates that something is being said in a way that instigates (A). As ようだ is being linked to the verb 言(い)う, it will take on its adverbial form, ように.
  • 子供(こども)に水(みず)こぼさないように言(い)う
    I tell my child not to spill his water. (To tell them in a way that ‘not spilling the water’ is the focus)
  • 弁護士(べんごし)犯人(はんにん)に警察(けいさつ)に話(はな)さないように言(い)う
    The lawyer told the criminal to not talk to the police. (To tell them in a way that ‘not talking to the police’ is the focus)
As ようにいう means ‘to be said in the way of (A) being done’, it is regularly translated as ‘to tell’, ‘to request’, or ‘to order’. In the case of requesting, 頼(たの)む may substitute for 言(い)う. For ordering, 命(めい)じる may substitute for it instead.
  • 俺(おれ)漫画(まんが)借(か)りてもいいけど、破(やぶ)らないように頼(たの)む
    It is okay for me to let you borrow my manga, but I request that you not rip it.
  • 総理(そうり)国民(こくみん)に海外旅行(かいがいりょこう)に行(い)かないように命(めい)じる
    The prime minister will order citizens to not travel abroad.
言(い)う itself is the most versatile of these three verbs, as it may imply ‘to order’, or ‘to request’. This will depend on the tone of the speaker/overall context of the request/order.
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お弁当(べんとう)持(も)って行(い)くこと忘(わす)れないように言(い)った
I told you not to forget to take your lunchbox with you.
[Direct quote: お弁当を持っていくことを忘れてはいけないと言った。etc]
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トム手伝(てつだ)いするように頼(たの)んだ
I requested that Tom help out.
[Direct quote: トムに手伝いをして(ください)と頼んだ。etc]
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子供(こども)怖(こわ)がらないように頼(たの)む
I ask that you not scare the kids. [in such a way]
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Books
Tobira
Page 72
みんなの日本語 II
Page 72 [CH 36]
[DBJG] A Dictionary of Basic Japanese Grammar
Page 556
[AIAIJ] An Integrated Approach to Intermediate Japanese
Page 210