Grammar Info

N4 Lesson 9: 11/16

(よう)()

To tell, request, or order to do (in such a way)

Structure

Verb + ように + ()

(1) たのむ、めいじる

Details

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    Standard

  • 使用域

    一般

About ようにいう

ようにいう is an expression which combines the auxiliary verb ようだ, with the う-Verb ()う. This indicates that something is being said in a way that instigates (A). As ようだ is being linked to the verb ()う, it will take on its adverbial form, ように.
  • 子供(こども)(みず)こぼさないように()
    I tell my child not to spill his water. (To tell them in a way that 'not spilling the water' is the focus)
  • 弁護士(べんごし)犯人(はんにん)警察(けいさつ)(はな)ないように()
    The lawyer told the criminal to not talk to the police. (To tell them in a way that 'not talking to the police' is the focus)
As ようにいう means 'to be said in the way of (A) being done', it is regularly translated as 'to tell', 'to request', or 'to order'. In the case of requesting, (たの)む may substitute for ()う. For ordering, (めい)じる may substitute for it instead.
  • (おれ)漫画(まんが)()てもいいけど(やぶ)ないように(たの)
    It is okay for me to let you borrow my manga, but I request that you not rip it.
  • 総理(そうり)国民(こくみん)海外旅行(かいがいりょこう)()ないように(めい)じる
    The prime minister will order citizens to not travel abroad.
()う itself is the most versatile of these three verbs, as it may imply 'to order', or 'to request'. This will depend on the tone of the speaker/overall context of the request/order.

Examples

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  • 弁当(べんとう)()って()こと(わす)れないように()った

    I told you not to forget to take your lunchbox with you.

    • トム手伝(てつだ)するように(たの)んだ

      I requested that Tom help out.

      • 子供(こども)(こわ)がらないように(たの)

        I ask that you not scare the kids. (in such a way)

        • (たまご)()ように()ったはずだ

          I most definitely told you to pick up some eggs. (In such a way)

          • 明日(あした)試合(しあい)があるので今夜(こんや)よく(ねむ)ように()った

            Since we have a game tomorrow, I told them to get a good night's sleep tonight. (In such a way)

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            ようにいう – Grammar Discussion

            Most Recent Replies (3 in total)

            • CrisH

              CrisH

              It says that this is used for indirect quoted, but in the example
              僕(ぼく)のスマホを貸(か)してあげるけど、濡(ぬ)れないように頼(たの)むぞ。
              it seems to me to be a direct request. Is it something to do with the construction of the larger sentence?

            • EdBunpro

              EdBunpro

              Probably a SUPER nitpicky thing to bring up, but I feel like either this grammar point should have 頼む & 命じる written in kana or the kanji/kana should be shown in the question since it’s more about teaching the grammar point and less about remembering vocab. Perhaps new users may get thrown off a bit? I only bring this up because I stupidly couldn’t remember 頼むtoday and wasn’t able to answer with the basic ように言う

            • Luminiscental

              Luminiscental

              I think the example sentence

              誰もママに何も言わないように頼んだがバレてしまった。

              should have a comma after the が, so that in quizzes it’s clear that it isn’t meant to be the subject marking particle which would suggest nominalization is required. Compare

              誰もママに何も言わないように頼んだことがバレてしまった。

              with

              誰もママに何も言わないように頼んだが、バレてしまった。

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