Grammar Info
N2 Lesson 1: 20/21

傾向(けいこう)がある
tendency, trend, inclination

Structure
Verb[る](1) + 傾向
[い]Adjective + 傾向
[な]Adjective + + 傾向
Noun + + 傾向

(1) Verb[た]
Details
Register Formal
使用域 硬い
Information
  • [Used to express both positive, neutral and negative tendencies]
  • [Mostly seen as 傾向がある and 傾向が見られる]
  • [傾向にある means 'to be in a (declining) trend' and expresses an ongoing change, while 傾向がある means 'to have a tendency to' expresses an inclination towards characteristic or behavior]
  • [Many Japanese use them interchangeably, or when they want to avoid double usage of が in one clause]
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ハイエンドスマホの需要(じゅよう)は最近(さいきん)ますます低下(ていか)の傾向(けいこう)ある
The demand for high-end smartphones has been in a declining trend recently.
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大人(おとな)においてはどうして他(ほか)人(ひと)より自分(じぶん)意見(いけん)は正(ただ)しいと思(おも)ってしまう傾向(けいこう)が見(み)られるのだ。
Adults have a tendency to think that no matter what, their opinion is correct.
[傾向が見られる and 傾向がある are used to express basically the same thing]
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人間(にんげん)は無意識(むいしき)に外観(がいかん)で人(ひと)を判断(はんだん)してしまう傾向(けいこう)強(つよ)い
People have a strong inclination to unconsciously judge others by appearance.
[傾向が強い is widely used to express a strong trend. Can be rephrased to 強い傾向がある]
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