Grammar Info

N3 Lesson 8: 17/23


Finally, At last


ついに + Phrase


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About 遂に

Like とうとう, (つい) is an adverb that is frequently used to mean 'finally', or 'at last'. It will usually come at the beginning of a sentence.
  • (つい)日本(にほん)上陸(じょうりく)!!!
    Finally it has arrived in Japan!!!
  • (つい)ドラゴンズ()った!
    The Dragons have finally won!
(つい) may be seen equally as often with or without kanji. When compared to 到頭(とうとう), ついに is slightly more formal.
  • (つい)最後(さいご)()ですね、(いま)まで色々(いろいろ)ありがとうございました。
    Finally it is your last day. Thank you for everything up until now.
  • とうとう今日(きょう)最後(さいご)ね。(いま)まで色々(いろいろ)ありがとう。
    It's finally your last day. Thank you for everything up until now.
The kanji (つい) has a meaning similar to 'to get (something) over with'. Due to this, ついに will most often be used to highlight things that have finally happened after a significant period of time, or a long course of events. It will not be used to express things that do not require time or effort.
  • (つい)結婚(けっこん)した!おめでとう! (Natural)
    You finally married!? Congrats!
  • 昨日(きのう)(もら)った(ふくろ)(つい)()てた。 (Unnatural)
    I finally threw away the bag I bought yesterday.




    I finally finished writing my thesis.


    My grandchild outgrew me at last.


    I was finally able to go to a restaurant known for its delicious food.


    The snow, that had lasted for many days, finally stopped.


    After failing repeatedly hundreds of times, I finally succeeded.

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遂に – Grammar Discussion

Most Recent Replies (3 in total)

  • asdfpotato


    I’m confused as when to use つい instead of ついに

  • asdfpotato


    つい - Used to indicate unintentionally doing something
    ついに - Finally, at last

  • casual


    ついに is always used about some positive outcome right?
    After working for something, or waiting for something, it finally happens.

    I’m a little lost with this example sentence from きり (JLPT N3) | Bunpro grammar point:


    The outcome of becoming bedridden probably happens after a long lead-up to it, but is it something the speaker considers positive?

    Or is there a better synonym for “at long last, something predictable that we’ve been dreading, came to pass”?

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