Grammar Info

N5 Lesson 2: 6/12

Object marking particle


Object +


  • Part of Speech


  • Word Type

    Case Marking Particle

  • Register


  • 品詞


  • 単語の種類


  • 使用域


About を

In Japanese, is a particle that marks the object of an action. This means that the subject (the person or thing performing an action) is performing that action with the object being the goal/target of the action. In most cases, whatever is attached to will not actually be 'doing' anything, but will instead have something being done to it.

In these sentences, is marking the thing that is having an action performed 'on' it. This is how the Japanese language views the 'object'. However, unlike English, an object can also be a place in which an action is performed 'through', if the goal of that action is based in that location itself.

In these sentences, is marking the place 'through' which the action is taking place. This use of highlights that the place itself is what is being interacted with (running/walking requires interaction with the ground, so the ground/place is the object).




    To memorize kanji. (object marker)


    What will you have to eat? (object marker)


    To eat butter. (object marker)


    To watch sports. (object marker)


    To look at the clock. (object marker)

  • Get more example sentences!

    Premium users get access to 12 example sentences on all Grammar Points.

Self-Study Sentences

Study your own way!

Add sentences and study them alongside Bunpro sentences.

を – Grammar Discussion

Most Recent Replies (13 in total)

  • gyroninja


    While it might not be providing a direct object, the usage of を is viewed as being the same thing to at least some native speakers. A native speaker I asked said that what the verb was didn’t matter and that を did the same thing, marking the target of a verb. I have also seen someone else document this in an answer on the Japanese Language StackExchange. Someone did comment on that answer that a native t...

  • Superpnut


    Okay thank you I think I get it now, well maybe
    And you don’t need to think I am missing fundamentals because I definitely am
    I am missing them so much that I don’t even know what is a fundamental in this language or not but that’s okay just keep swimming.
    Thanks for spelling it out that one is for verbs and one isn’t. I can now continue to struggle through!

  • machinaeZER0


    In the example sentence above, the lady in the audio recording pronounced as ‘wo’, but in my studies so far I learned it’s pronounced ‘o’ most of the time. Is there a specific reason that the ‘wo’ pronunciation was used here? Mostly just curious Thanks!

Got questions about を? Join us to discuss, ask, and learn together!

Join the Discussion