Grammar Info

N5 Lesson 2: 6/12

Object marking particle

Structure

Object +

Details

  • Part of Speech

    Particle

  • Word Type

    Case Marking Particle

  • Register

    Standard

  • 品詞

    助詞

  • 単語の種類

    格助詞

  • 使用域

    一般

About を

In Japanese, is a particle that marks the object of an action. This means that the subject (the person or thing performing an action) is performing that action with the object being the goal/target of the action. In most cases, whatever is attached to will not actually be 'doing' anything, but will instead have something being done to it.

In these sentences, is marking the thing that is having an action performed 'on' it. This is how the Japanese language views the 'object'. However, unlike English, an object can also be a place in which an action is performed 'through', if the goal of that action is based in that location itself.

In these sentences, is marking the place 'through' which the action is taking place. This use of highlights that the place itself is what is being interacted with (running/walking requires interaction with the ground, so the ground/place is the object).

Examples

--:--

    漢字(かんじ)(おぼ)

    To memorize kanji. (object marker)

    (なに)()ます

    What will you have to eat? (object marker)

    バター()

    To eat butter. (object marker)

    スポーツ()

    To watch sports. (object marker)

    時計(とけい)()

    To look at the clock. (object marker)

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を – Grammar Discussion

Most Recent Replies (13 in total)

  • gyroninja

    gyroninja

    While it might not be providing a direct object, the usage of を is viewed as being the same thing to at least some native speakers. A native speaker I asked said that what the verb was didn’t matter and that を did the same thing, marking the target of a verb. I have also seen someone else document this in an answer on the Japanese Language StackExchange. Someone did comment on that answer that a native t...

  • Superpnut

    Superpnut

    Okay thank you I think I get it now, well maybe
    And you don’t need to think I am missing fundamentals because I definitely am
    I am missing them so much that I don’t even know what is a fundamental in this language or not but that’s okay just keep swimming.
    Thanks for spelling it out that one is for verbs and one isn’t. I can now continue to struggle through!

  • machinaeZER0

    machinaeZER0

    In the example sentence above, the lady in the audio recording pronounced as ‘wo’, but in my studies so far I learned it’s pronounced ‘o’ most of the time. Is there a specific reason that the ‘wo’ pronunciation was used here? Mostly just curious Thanks!

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