Grammar Info

N5 Lesson 10: 3/12

~て (Adjectives and Nouns)

And... (Conjunctive)

Structure

[い]Adjective[ + +
おもしろ + +
(あたら) + +

[な]Adjective +
しずか +
()き +

Noun +
先生(せんせい) +
仕事(しごと)+

Exceptions:
いいよく

Details

  • Part of Speech

    Adjective + Conjunctions

  • Register

    Standard

  • 品詞

    形容詞・名詞

  • 単語の種類

    助詞・助動詞

  • 使用域

    一般

About Adjective + て・Noun + で

The form of an い-Adjective, or form of a noun (or な-Adjective) is exactly the same as the form of a verb, in that it carries the meaning of 'and', and is used for linking. It will allow us to list multiple qualities/traits of something.

For い-Adjectives, we will need to change the last い to く (the form used for conjugation), and then simply add .

For nouns and な-Adjectives, we will need to add to the base form (not or ).

It should be noted that and are different structures here. is the same conjunction particle that is used with verbs (meaning that い-Adjectives are similar to verbs), while is actually a form of that is used for conjugation. It is the same as the one that is used in the formal version of , である. Which we will learn later.

Caution

Like other forms (ている 1, ている 2, and ている 3), the (or ) form of other words can have several possible meanings. These meanings are as follows.

Linking - Like 'and' in English.

Reasons - Like 'with (A)', or 'because of (A)' in English.

Manner - Like 'to do (B) in an (A) way' in English.

  • あの(ひと)綺麗(きれい)(やさ)
    That person is beautiful and nice.
  • 大雨(おおあめ)バス()まりました
    The bus stopped with rain. (With rain as the reason)
  • (わたし)(はん)(いそ)()
    I eat food in a hurry.

Caution

As with all other conjugations of いい, remember that it will be よくて, and not いくて.

Examples

--:--

  • (あたら)しい(あたら)

    New → New and...

    • (おお)きい(おお)

      Big → Big and...

      • (きら)(きら)

        Dislike → Dislike and...

        Some な-Adjectives end in い, but 嫌い and 幸い are the most misleading since they are not completely written in kanji like 綺麗 or 安静.

        • (しず)(しず)

          Quiet → Quiet and...

          • 病気(びょうき)病気(びょうき)

            Disease → Disease and...

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            Adjective + て・Noun + で – Grammar Discussion

            Most Recent Replies (12 in total)

            • OldRosy

              OldRosy

            • IcyIceBear

              IcyIceBear

              きらい is な adjective so it should be 嫌いで

              It looks like an い adjective and there’s so way to tell it’s not in this case, it’s one you just have to remember. Don’t worry, it’s one of few

            • OldRosy

              OldRosy

              Thank you!

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