［な］Adjective + で + Phrase
Noun + で + Phrase
いい ￫ よくて + B
About Verb[て] + B
To use this grammar construction, pair the て-form of a verb or い-Adjective with the (B) phrase. In the case of nouns and な-Adjectives, で (the particle) will be used instead.
- 犯人が捕まって安心です。I feel safe because the criminal got caught.
- 今日は宿題が多くて行けなかった。I couldn't go today because I had a lot of homework.
- 田舎は静かなので落ち着きます。I can relax in the countryside because it is quiet.
- 虫歯で歯が痛い。My tooth hurts because of a cavity.
(A) て 困る - Being troubled cannot be controlled, so (A) must have caused it.
(A) て 嬉しい - Being happy cannot be controlled, so (A) must have caused it.
(A) て 大変 - Having a problem cannot be controlled, so (A) must have caused it.
(A) て びっくり - Being surprised cannot be controlled, so (A) must have caused it.
(A) て 疲れている - Being worn-out cannot be controlled, so (A) must have caused it.
(A) て 心配 - Feeling anxiety cannot be controlled, so (A) must have caused it.
Many other words, such as the ones listed above will cause て (or で) to have a similar nuance. てすみません also uses this meaning of て, as すみません is a feeling that the speaker cannot control, relating to the situation being left unfinished.
'I ate many sweets and I have an upset stomach!' ('I have an upset stomach because I ate many sweets')
I can relax because the room is clean. (The room is clean and I can relax)
Mary returned to the USA and I am sad. (I am sad because Mary returned to the USA)
The hero died due to a car accident 5 years ago. (The hero got into a car accident 5 years ago and died)
The noun preceding で is an event (often negative) that is beyond the control of the speaker or writer. It cannot be rephrased to から or ので.
I passed the Japanese Language Proficiency Test, so I was glad.
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Verb[て] + B – Grammar Discussion
Most Recent Replies (16 in total)
Thank you for the response. I think I sort of understand but I want to make sure I’m really getting it. I’m not sure I understand what the difference is between “because it’s raining” vs “due to the rain”. I think my understanding now is that ので should be working on full sentences but the particle で by itself can be used to add context to the verb within the sentence?
I don’t think there is a big difference in meaning. That’s why bunpro will not mark you wrong if you enter なので. It just asks for a different answer because it wants to make sure you remember this grammar point, and not just any way to say “because”.
In example " 先週、インフルエンザに___、仕事を休んだのです。", the verb to be conjugated is “かかる”. The hint says that it’s ichidan verb. However, the correct answer is かかって, not かかて. According to jisho, it is a godan verb, so it appears that the hint is wrong. Is that right?
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