N5 Lesson 4: 3/13
なAdjective + Noun なAdjective + Noun なAdj + Noun
[な]Adjective + + Noun

静か + + 夜
元気 + + 子供
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使用域 タメ語
In Japanese, almost any type of word can be attached to a noun to modify the meaning, or describe the qualities of that noun. However, depending on the type of word used, conjugation rules will differ slightly. For な-Adjectives, they will always need to be followed by when used before a noun (when describing qualities/features).
  • これ綺麗(きれい)カーテンです
    This is a pretty curtain.
  • 元気(げんき)赤(あか)ちゃん。
    A healthy baby.
Caution: Many words can take either or when describing a noun. The difference in meaning is usually clear. Let’s take a look at both nuances.
(A) (B) means that - (A) is a quality/feature of (B)
(A) (B) means that - (A) is the type/purpose of (B)
  • 有名(ゆうめい)人(ひと)。
    A famous person. (A ‘quality’ of this person is that they have ‘fame’)
  • 有名(ゆうめい)力(ちから)。
    The power of fame. (The ‘type’ of power is ‘fame’s’ power)
When using な-Adjectives to describe a noun, to avoid making this mistake, it can be helpful to think about whether you are describing a quality or the purpose of something.
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Those are important words of uncle Ben.

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