Grammar Info
N5 Lesson 4: 3/13
な-Adjective + Noun な-Adjective + Noun Describing a noun
[な]Adjective + + Noun

静か + + 夜
元気 + + 子供
Part of Speech Expression
Word Type Noun
Register Casual
品詞 表現
単語の種類 名詞
使用域 タメ語
In Japanese, almost any type of word can be attached to the beginning of a noun to modify the meaning, or describe the qualities of that noun. However, depending on the type of word used, conjugation rules will differ slightly.
For な-Adjectives, they will always need to be followed by , when used before a noun. This means that adjective (A) is describing qualities/features of noun (B).
  • カーテンオタク:これ綺麗(きれい)カーテンです
    A curtain enthusiast : This is a pretty curtain.
  • 元気(げんき)赤(あか)ちゃん。
    A healthy baby. (‘Energetic’ or ‘spirited’ would also be accurate translations)
Caution - Many words can take either or when describing a noun. The difference in meaning is usually clear. Let’s take a look at both nuances.
(A) (B) means that - (A) is a quality/feature of (B)
(A) (B) means that - (A) is the type/purpose of (B)
  • 有名(ゆうめい)人(ひと)。
    A famous person. (A ‘quality’ of this person is that they have ‘fame’)
  • 有名(ゆうめい)力(ちから)。
    The power of fame. (The ‘type’ of power is that of ‘fame’)
To avoid making this mistake when using な-Adjectives to describe a noun, it can be helpful to think about whether you are describing a ‘quality’, or the ‘purpose’ of something.
Slow Male
Hide All
Hide Japanese
Hide English
A free day

No online resources for な-Adjective + Noun


No page info for な-Adjective + Noun