Grammar Info

N3 Lesson 1: 21/22

(Noun) + (がた)

Model, Type, Pattern, Kind, Shape, Size(d)

Structure

Noun + がた(1)
Noun + + かた
Noun + がた(1) +()+ Noun
[い]Adjective + かた

(1) けい

Details

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    Standard

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    一般

About Noun+型

(がた), or sometimes (がた), are two kanji that are often used as a suffix, to identify that something is 'shaped', or 'sized' according to (A). The primary reading of both of these kanji is かた, but becomes がた due to 連濁(れんだく) (sound changes due to conjugation). (がた) can be attached directly to the end of nouns, or to い-Adjectives. Occasionally, (かた) will be used after the case marking particle の. In these cases, because it is connected to の, and not directly to the noun, it will be read as かた, not がた.
  • この(かみ)(ほし)(がた)()てください
    Please cut this paper into the shape of a star.
  • この(かた)スマホはよく(こわ)れます。
    This type of smartphone breaks often.
  • 90(ねん)(だい)(いぬ)(がた)ロボットおもちゃ人気(にんき)だった
    During the 90s, dog-type robots were popular.
  • (あたら)しい(かた)自転車(じてんしゃ)はいつ発売(はつばい)されますか?
    When is the new model of this bike coming out?
Although there are two different kanji that can be used in this expression, (がた) will be used far more frequently than (がた). This is primarily due to the base meanings that these kanji have. Those meanings are as follows:
(がた) - Form (in regard to design, pattern, type, or model)
(がた) - Shape (in regard to physical shapes only. Square, rectangle, triangle, etc)
Due to this, (がた) is used when describing any form/pattern that is abstract, while (がた) is primarily only used for describing very basic (visible) shapes.
  • (つぎ)どんな(かみ)(がた)よう
    What kind of hairstyle should I get next?
  • (わたし)はハート(がた)アクセサリー()です
    I like heart-shaped accessories.
Caution
Occasionally, (がた) may be read as (けい), the (おん)()み (Chinese reading) of (がた). This is primarily when it is paired with other words that also use their (おん)()み, or when it is not acting as a suffix, but part of a set word.
  • (ぶん)(けい)基本(きほん)のでしっかりと勉強(べんきょう)しておきましょう
    Grammar structures are the basics, so make sure to properly study them in advance.

Examples

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  • 整数(せいすう)はデータ(がた)(ひと)つである

    An integer is one of the data types.

    • 黒帯(くろおび)()にはすべての基本(きほん)(かた)()っていなければなりません。

      In order to achieve a black belt, you have to know all the basic forms.

      • きみの血液(けつえき)(がた)(なに)

        What is your blood type?

        • これ(きみ)(ころ)すために(とき)(おく)()まれた人間(にんげん)(がた)のロボットに(ちが)ない。

          There is no doubt that this is a humanoid robot that has been sent through time to kill you.

          • 「よう」という表現(ひょうげん)はさまざまな(ぶん)(けい)使(つか)われている。

            The expression 'よう' is used in various sentence patterns.

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            Noun+型 – Grammar Discussion

            Most Recent Replies (2 in total)

            • seanblue

              seanblue

              この星がたネックレスは金でできています。

              Is there any reason I can’t/shouldn’t put の after がた? It wasn’t accepted when I tried.

            • Daru

              Daru

              Mostly because it’s a single noun, you’re not trying to specify what kind of necklace it is, as much as you’re just saying its a Star-shaped Necklace.

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