文法の説明

N4 レッスン 8: 13/18

(はず)がない

Hardly possible, Cannot be, Highly unlikely, Improbable

使い方・接続

Verb + はず + が + ない
[い]Adjective + はず + が + ない
[な]Adjective + + はず + が + ない
Noun + + はず + が + ない

詳細

  • 使用域

    Standard

  • 使用域

    一般

「はずがない」の情報

Like はず, coming from the kanji (はず), which suggests that something is 'bound' to be true, はずがない suggests that something is 'not bound' to be true. This expression is usually translated as 'hardly possible', 'improbable', or 'unlikely', but in reality, it is a bit weaker than these, and translates more literally to '(A) is not the only possibility'.
As はずがない (a combination of (はず), the case-marking particle , and the い-Adjective ない) is a phrase that starts with a noun, it may be used after any word that could usually connect with a noun.
  • 1時間(じかん)(はや)くに(いえ)()から(おく)はずがない
    Because I left the house an hour early, it is improbable that I will be late. (That I am bound to be late is not true)
  • この(はこ)(おも)はずがない
    It is hardly possible that this box is heavy. (It is not the case that this box is bound to be heavy)
  • サリー(いえ)立派(りっぱ)はずがない
    It is highly unlikely that Sally's house is splendid. (That Sally's house is sure to be splendid is not the case)
  • あそこ(ひと)トムはずがない
    It is highly unlikely that the person over there is Tom.
Caution
There is a big difference in nuance between ないはず 'bound not to', and はずがない 'not bound to'. ないはず strongly negates the (A) statement, and expresses the speaker's opinion that it is almost definitely not true. はずがない on the other hand, simply suggests that (A) being almost 100% true is not the case.
  • (かれ)(くるま)(たか)ないはず
    His car would not be expensive. (His car is bound to not be that expensive)
  • (かれ)(くるま)(たか)はずがない
    It is hardly possible that his car is expensive. (That his car is bound to be expensive is not true)

例文

--:--

  • (なつ)(ゆき)()はずがない

    It is hardly possible for it to snow in the summer.

    • あのビル(ふる)すぎなので病院(びょういん)はずがない

      Because that building is so old, it is hardly possible that it is a hospital.

      • 有名人(ゆうめいじん)人気(にんき)から(さび)しいはずがない

        Famous people are popular so it seems hardly possible for them to be lonely.

        • それあなたカバンはずがない

          It is highly unlikely that that is your bag.

          • 少年(しょうねん)部屋(へや)から綺麗(きれい)はずがない

            Since it's a boy's room, it is highly unlikely that it is clean.

            • ご登録いただくと、より多くの例文にアクセスできます。

              プレミアムユーザーは全文法ポイントに含まれる12個の例文にアクセスすることできます。

            自作の例文

            自分なりの勉強をする!

            文章を追加し、Bunproの文章と一緒に勉強する。

            「はずがない」に関する文法ディスカッション

            最近の返信 (合計4件)

            • CroAniki

              CroAniki

              Capture727×435 30.7 KB

              Even the Tae Ki...

            • Fuga

              Fuga

              Hey @CroAniki !

              When ない is used as to negate a verb, it is considered as a verb (食べない、飲まない), but when it is used as the negative conjugation of ある, it is considered as a い-adjective (寒くない、寒くはない、味がない).

              There are several ways that you can see if the ない used is a verb or an adjective. If you can replace the ない with a ぬ, it is a verb. If it follows an adjective, は, が, or a も, it is an adjective!

              I hope this helps!

            • CroAniki

              CroAniki

              Woah! This feels like secret back-end information (but it’s probably something I should’ve consolidated waaay before), thanks heaps!

            「はずがない」について質問がありますか? 話し合ったり、質問をしてみんなで学びましょう!

            ディスカッションに参加する