In order to mark something as ‘except (A)’, or ‘besides (A)’, 以外（いがい）
will be used. This construction is a combination of the kanji 以（い） which means ‘by means of’, and 外（がい） ‘outside’. This expression can most accurately be translated as ‘with the exception of (A)’, or ‘everything outside of (A)’.
To use 以外（いがい）
, attach it to the thing that you want to highlight as being the ‘all inclusive’ amount/area.
Today I want to eat something other than Japanese food.
Taro, do you have any other interests besides gaming?
is also regularly used simply as an expression of surprise, when someone sees, hears, or reads something that is ‘outside’ of what they expected. However, in these cases, the more correct kanji construction is 意外（いがい） ‘out of mind’. This is a regular mistake that even native speakers make, so in many cases, either 意外（いがい） or 以外（いがい）
would be understandable.
Takashi-kun, do you like anime too? I'm a little surprised.
It may come off as a surprise based on how I look, but I don't eat meat.