Grammar Info

N5 Lesson 5: 8/12

う-Verb (Negative-Past)

う - Verbs (Negative-past tense)

When a past negative sentence has a connection with the present, for example, something was expected to happen but has not happened for the moment, the verb[て] + いません construction is used instead

Structure

(すわ) + なかった
(うた) + なかった
(ある) + なかった
(はな) + なかった
() + なかった
() + なかった
() + なかった
(やす) + なかった
(およ) + なかった

Exceptions:
ある → なかった

Details

  • Part of Speech

    Verb

  • Word Type

    Auxiliary Verb

  • Register

    Standard

  • 品詞

    動詞

  • 単語の種類

    助動詞

  • 使用域

    一般

About う-Verb (Negative-Past)

In order to make the negative past form of う-Verbs, you will need to change the last kana of the verb into the あ sound kana from the same column (or わ if the original kana was う). After this, the あ sound kana will be followed by ない (or ます), conjugated into their past forms. This will either be なかった (casual), or ませんでした (polite).

For the ませんでした (polite) form, rather than the final kana changing to the あ sound kana from the same column, it will change to the い sound kana from the same column.

The negative past form is used to convey that something 'did not happen', or 'was not'.

A semi-polite form may also be used. This is constructed by using なかった, and then simply adding です. This form is not grammatically correct, but is so common that most sources (and native speakers) would consider it correct.

ある is an exception to the regular conjugation rules of う-Verbs. The casual past-negative is not あらなかった, but simply なかった. However, the polite past-negative form conjugates in the same way as would be expected for う-Verbs. ありませんでした.

Examples

--:--

    昨日(きのう)()かなかった
    昨日(きのう)()かなかったです
    昨日(きのう)()きませんでした

    I didn't go yesterday.

    よく(ねむ)なかった
    よく(ねむ)なかったです
    よく(ねむ)りませんでした

    I didn't sleep well.

    はなこさん(はな)さなかった
    はなこさん(はな)さなかったです
    はなこさん(はな)しませんでした

    Hanako didn't talk.

    彼女(かのじょ)事故(じこ)()ななかった
    彼女(かのじょ)事故(じこ)()ななかったです
    彼女(かのじょ)事故(じこ)()にませんでした

    She didn't die in the accident!

    それも()らなかった。[()る]

    I didn’t know that either.

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う-Verb (Negative-Past) – Grammar Discussion

Most Recent Replies (12 in total)

  • Daru

    Daru

    200 IQ, this man is smarter than he lets on

  • Marcus

    Marcus

    Oh yes! LOL! Now I’m determined to make some sentences! Thank you!

  • Marcus

    Marcus


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