N5 Lesson 3: 13/13
う - Verbs[ない] う - Verbs[ません]

う - Verbs[ない]

う - Verbs (non-past negative)


Structure Legend
Structure
CasualFormal
Examples:
+ ない
+ ない
+ ない
+ ない
+ ない
+ ない
+ ない
+ ない
+ ない

Exceptions:
ある → ない
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Negative non-past form of verbs is used to express that something is not the case, will not happen and can be well approximated with English “not”.
The negative short form of U-verbs is formed by replacing the last U sound of the dictionary form with A and attaching the suffix ない, or ないです for polite form. To produce alternative polite form, replace last U sound with I and add suffix ません instead.

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私(わたし)は歌(うた)わない ⇄ 私(わたし)は歌(うた)いません
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I don’t sing.

みんなの日本語 I : Page 110 [CH 17]
Tae Kim's Japanese Grammar Guide : Page 47
Try N5 : Page 20
Genki I 2nd Edition : 88 & 190