Grammar Info

N4 Lesson 4: 13/18

()しい

To want something, To be in need of

Do not confuse:, ほしくなかった [past negative], with, ほしくなった => ほしい+なる

Structure

Noun + + ほしい

Details

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    Standard

  • 使用域

    一般

About がほしい

To say that you want something in Japanese, the particle will be combined with the い-Adjective ()しい 'to want (A)', or 'to desire (A)'. This is exactly the same way as other い-Adjectives behave when describing nouns.
  • (あたら)(くるま)()しいけど(いま)(かね)()から()ない
    I want a new car, but I don't have any money right now, so I can't buy one.
  • (いぬ)()しいけどスペース()
    I want a dog, but I don't have space.
Caution
This use of ()しい is only used for saying that you want 'things' (nouns). The auxiliary verb たい will be used when saying that you want to 'do' something (verbs).
  • あそこラーメン()餃子(ぎょうざ)()べたい。
    I want to eat gyoza from that ramen shop over there.
However, ほしい may be used with verbs to express that you want another person to do something. This is done through the use of ほしい after the conjunction particle, .
  • (わたし)彼氏(かれし)大事(だいじ)てほしい
    I want my boyfriend to treat me like I am important.
For more detail about this, please see ourてほしい lesson.

Examples

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  • 誕生日(たんじょうび)(かね)がほしい

    I want money for my birthday.

    • (あたら)しい(くつ)より(あたら)しいカバン(ほう)がほしい

      More than new shoes, I want a new bag.

      • (わたし)いい(ふく)などがほしいです

        I want things such as nice clothes.

        • 使(つか)やすい(はし)がほしい

          I want chopsticks that are easy to use.

          • あの綺麗(きれい)着物(きもの)がほしい

            I want that beautiful kimono.

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            がほしい – Grammar Discussion

            Most Recent Replies (2 in total)

            • LotBlind

              LotBlind

              So the “wa”-particle is never correct with this one? Even when it’s in a negative sentence?

            • nekoyama

              nekoyama

              I don’t think there’s a special rule for は here that would prevent you from using it. If that’s what you want to say, it can indicate contrast, or a minimum amount, or just make the wanted thing the topic, etc.

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