N5 Lesson 9: 11/12
くれる 呉れる

くれる

to give (me)
to be given

⚠ For both くれる and あげる,
に marks the recipient. If you want to express act of giving something to someone outside of your inner circle use あげる instead.

Structure Legend
Structure
Giver + Recipient + Nounをくれる
Recipient + Giver + Nounをくれる
Giver + Nounを + Recipientくれる
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[くれる describes something being given to you or someone inside your inner circle from someone outside it]
[くれる → To give towards the speaker・あげる → To give away from the speaker]

[Only used if the result is desirable・If the context is clear, both the giver and the receiver can be omitted]

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母(はは)は僕(ぼく)にかっこいいペンをくれた
Audio coming soon!
My mom gave me a cool pen.
[I was given a cool pen from my mom.]

Genki II 2nd Edition : Page 56
みんなの日本語 I : Page 152 [CH 24]
[DBJG] A Dictionary of Basic Japanese Grammar : Page 213
[DBJG] A Dictionary of Basic Japanese Grammar : Page 213
Tae Kim's Japanese Grammar Guide : Page 171