The verb 呉（く）れる
in Japanese, is very similar to 与（あた）える (to bestow). The primary difference is that 呉（く）れる
(primarily written in hiragana) means to ‘bestow to the speaker’ (or someone in the speakers inner circle).
In this way, てくれる
is the opposite of てあげる
, which conveys that someone (usually the speaker) gives (an action) to another person that is outside of their inner circle. てくれる
is commonly translated as ‘would you do (A) for me’, as a question, or ‘someone did (A) for me’, as a statement.
Grandma always makes delicious food for us!
When my friend comes back from vacation, they bring me souvenirs.
Dad, can you turn the lights off for me?
When asking for a favor, てくれる
can be shortened to てくれ
. However, this is very casual, and should not be used with strangers (or anyone that you do not know well). As an English equivalent, てくれ
sounds similar to phrases like ‘would ya do (A)’, or ‘could ya do (A)?’
is one of the most casual ways to ask for a favor, with てもらう
being slightly more polite. ていただく
(the 謙譲語（けんじょうご） variation of てくれる
) is even more polite than either of these!
Someone will take me to the amusement park. (They are taking me for my benefit)
Someone is taking me to the amusement park. (I am having someone take me)
Someone is taking me to the amusement park. (I am being bestowed the act of being taken)