Grammar Info

N5 Lesson 2: 10/12

ここ

Here, This place

Although not common, 此処 kanji use can be seen

Structure

Demonstrative

Place near the speaker

Details

  • Part of Speech

    Noun

  • Word Type

    Pronoun

  • Register

    Standard

  • 品詞

    名詞

  • 単語の種類

    代名詞

  • 使用域

    一般

Rare Kanji

此処

About ここ

ここ is one of the forms of the これ family of words used to identify things close to the speaker. In this case it demonstrates a place. In the same way that これ represents 'this', ここ represents 'this place', or simply 'here'.

Fun Fact

The full family of words used for identification/demonstration in Japanese are referred to as こそあど言葉(ことば) (KO, SO, A, DO words). These include all of the different forms of これ, それ, あれ, and どれ.

Caution

ここ should not be confused with こっち, a similar word which is also sometimes translated as 'here'. こっち focuses more on the direction that one is/is going, while ここ focuses purely on 'this (stationary) place'.

  • こっち()ます
    Will you come here? (Focus on the movement)
  • ここ()ますか?
    Will you come to this place? (Focus on the place)

Examples

--:--

    ここです

    Here.

    ここいい

    Here is good.

    ここいい

    Here is also good.

    ここ いいです

    Here is good.

    ここいいです

    Is here good?

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