Grammar Info

N5 Lesson 3: 9/13

この

This

Structure

この + (Near The Speaker) Noun

Details

  • Part of Speech

    Fixed Adjective

  • Word Type

    Independent Word

  • Register

    Standard

  • 品詞

    連体詞

  • 単語の種類

    自立語

  • 使用域

    一般

About この

この is classified as a 'pre-noun adjectival' in Japanese. These are a special type of word that do not conjugate. This means that they will always appear in the same form. この comes from the same family of words as これ and ここ, and is used to identify a 'thing' that is near the speaker.

As the name 'pre-noun adjectival' suggests, these words will always appear before a noun, and describe that noun in some way.

Examples

--:--

    この(ほん)いいです

    This book is good.

    このケーキ(おお)きいです

    This cake is big.

    この写真(しゃしん)(わたし)のです

    This picture is mine.

    この(いぬ)(わたし)です

    This dog is my dog.

    この動物(どうぶつ)(ねこ)です

    This animal is a cat.

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    • Genki I

      Page 35

    • Genki I 2nd Edition

      Page 63

    • みんなの日本語 I

      Page 20 [CH 2]

    • みんなの日本語 II

      Page 78 [CH 37]

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この – Grammar Discussion

Most Recent Replies (12 in total)

  • FredKore

    FredKore

    Your translations are correct. Just like in English, they are different sentences emphasizing different parts.

    What do you have there?
    This is a big cake.
    (“This cake is big” doesn’t make sense here)

    What do you think of that cake?
    This cake is big.
    (“This is a big cake” could work too.)

  • BionicZebra

    BionicZebra

    Interesting. Thanks!

  • MoonlitClaire

    MoonlitClaire

    Thanks for the help everyone, very much appreciated!

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