Grammar Info
N4 Lesson 5: 4/20

そんな
such a・kind of, something like ~

Structure
そんな + Noun
こんな + Noun
あんな + Noun
どんな + Noun
Details
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使用域 一般
Information
One of the most common ways to convey that something is ‘like’ something else in casual conversation, is through the use of そんな, こんな, あんな, or どんな (when asking a question). These are not officially words themselves, but are abbreviations that come from そのような, このような, あのような, and どのような.
To use this casual expression, simply say it directly before the noun that you are describing, or enquiring about.
  • そんな言(い)い方(かた)てはいけません
    You should not phrase it like that.
  • こんな高(たか)ものはもらない
    I can’t accept a gift this expensive.
  • あんな大人(おとな)なりたくない
    I don’t want to become an adult like that.
  • どんな靴(くつ)が欲(ほ)しい
    What kind of shoes do you want?
Because these abbreviations originally come from a longer (more formal) variation, that form may also be used in situations where you would like to sound a little bit more polite.
  • そのような商品(しょうひん)ないです
    We don’t have a product like that.
  • このような場合(ばあい)どうすればいいです
    What should we do in a situation like this?
  • あのような運転(うんてん)ないでください
    Please do not drive like that.
  • どのような商品(しょうひん)お探(さが)しです
    What kind of product are you looking for?
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大体(だいたい)こんな畳(たたみ)寝(ね)やすい
Tatami mats like these are generally easy to sleep on.
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あんな駐車場(ちゅうしゃじょう)使(つか)いにくい
A parking lot like that [over there] is hard to use.
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そんな技術(ぎじゅつ)珍(めずら)しい。
A skill such as that is rare.
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