Grammar Info

N5 Lesson 7: 1/13


Only, Just


Verb + だけ
[い]Adjective + だけ
[な]Adjective + + だけ
Noun + だけ


  • Part of Speech


  • Word Type

    Adverbial Particle

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  • 品詞


  • 単語の種類


  • 使用域


About だけ

だけ is used in Japanese in a similar way to 'only' or 'just' in English. The basic meaning of this word is that 'while there are/were several possibilities, only (A) is true/was chosen'. だけ is used by attaching it to the base (dictionary) form of any word, except for な-Adjectives, which require when being used adjectivally.

Due to な-Adjectives being able to be used as either a noun or an adjective, the meaning of a sentence will be different depending on whether だけ is used with the noun form, or the adjective form.

Basically this difference just highlights whether something is being discussed in a measurable way (an adjective), or an immeasurable way (a noun).


  • 一人(ひとり)だけです

    Only one person.

  • それだけです

    Only that.

  • サッカーだけ()

    I only like soccer.

    This more naturally translates to 'Soccer is the only thing I like'.

  • (わたし)だけ()きます

    Only I am going.

  • その映画(えいが)(なが)だけ

    That movie is just long.

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  • Online

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    • みんなの日本語 I

      Page 74 [CH 11]

    • [DBJG] A Dictionary of Basic Japanese Grammar

      Page 93

    • Marugoto Elementary 2 (A2) Rikai

      Page 91

    • Tae Kim's Japanese Grammar Guide

      Page 244

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だけ – Grammar Discussion

Most Recent Replies (14 in total)

  • Johnathan-Weir


    I was just about to post this again lol.

  • Daigo


    I came here with the same doubt.

  • Pablunpro



    Whilst reading a short story, I came upon のみ as a literary version of だけ. Could this be added as a fun fact to this grammar point?

    Thank you very much for your consideration. よい週末を

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