Grammar Info

N2 Lesson 3: 10/23


In addition, Incidentally, Furthermore, Moreover


Phrase. なお、+ Phrase


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About なお②

When used at the beginning of a sentence, the adverb (なお) 'furthermore' will often carry the meaning of 'in addition', 'furthermore', 'even more', or 'moreover'. This use is regularly seen after the previous sentence or clause has expressed some base fact or situation that the second sentence will then add to. Especially when the information expressed in the (B) part of the sentence is surprising or shocking in some way.
This structure will almost always appear without the kanji being used.
  • それでは只今(ただいま)から説明会(せつめいかい)開始(かいし)したいと(おも)います。なお、ご不明(ふめい)(てん)がある場合(ばあい)はお気軽(きがる)にお(もう)()けください。
    Well then, I'd like to begin the information session. In addition, if you have any questions, please feel free to ask.
  • ()土曜日(どようび)には11()までに()()わせ場所(ばしょ)集合(しゅうごう)してください。なお(おく)れる場合(ばあい)(わたし)のLINEまで連絡(れんらく)をください。
    Please be at the meeting place by 11:00 am on Saturday the 5th. Moreover, if you are going to be late, please message me on LINE.
  • 内容(ないよう)確認(かくにん)出来(でき)ましたら、「(つぎ)へ」をクリックしてください。なお、「(つぎ)へ」をクリックした(あと)には内容(ないよう)変更(へんこう)ができないのでご注意(ちゅうい)ください。
    After confirming the details, please click 'Next'. Furthermore please note that you cannot make changes after clicking 'Next'.
As (なお) is a formal grammar structure, it will most frequently appear in letters, posters, commercials and other similar material.
Fun-fact - In all of its uses, なお simply indicates that taking the previous information of (A) into account, although (B) may not be expected, it is in fact true. This can be used either positively or negatively, and just highlights (B) as exceeding expectations.




    On 07/24/202X, weeding will take place around the apartment buildings. In addition, an event for residents' children will also be held at the same time.


    The job interview will be held on August 2nd. Furthermore, if you have any questions, feel free to contact us.


    The mongoose has fast reflexes and thick fur. Moreover, the mongoose is also resistant to snake venom. Therefore, it often eats snakes.


    Tomorrow is a temporary holiday. In addition, Wednesday is our set store holiday.


    The window for turning in your work is through the end of the month. In addition, you should think about your theme individually.

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