Grammar Info
N4 Lesson 10: 10/18

and・besides, moreover・in addition

それ + (Additional Information) Phrase
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使用域 一般
The 接続詞(せつぞくし) (conjunction) それに is regularly considered to be one word in Japanese, but is more correctly just a combination of the 代名詞(だいめいし) (substitute noun) それ, and the 格助詞(かくじょし) (case-marking particle) .
The thing that それ is ‘substituting’ for is the entire clause/sentence that came before it, while highlights that extra information is about to be added. In this way, it translates to ‘and to that’, or ‘and on that’, where ‘that’ is the previous information. Often, it is translated simply as ‘moreover’, ‘in addition’, or ‘and’.
  • それに彼(かれ)家事(かじ)しないでしょう
    In addition, he doesn't do house chores either, right?
  • リサ会社(かいしゃ)残業(ざんぎょう)がないそれに給料(きゅうりょう)いい
    Lisa’s company doesn't have overtime work. What’s more, her salary is good too.
Because それに is ‘adding’ information with , the (B) information itself must be something that would logically happen ‘in addition to (A)’, or ‘as a result of (A)’. Therefore, それに will highlight something that has either all positive, or all negative connotations. Never both.
  • 昨日(きのう)、道(みち)5千円(せんえん)拾(ひろ)っそれに車(くるま)抽選(ちゅうせん)当(あ)たっ
    Yesterday, I picked up 5 thousand yen on the street, and in addition to that I won a car in the lottery. (Natural Japanese, as both events are positive)
  • 最近(さいきん)雨(あめ)いっぱい降(ふ)それに風(かぜ)強(つよ)、外(そと)出(で)れなくて寂(さみ)し
    Recently, it has been raining a lot, and in addition to that the wind has been strong. I'm sad that I can't go outside. (Natural Japanese, as both events are negative)
  • 今朝(けさ)マッサージ行(い)っそれにスピード違反(いはん)切符(きっぷ)切(き)られ
    I went to get a massage this morning, and moreover I also got a speeding ticket. (Unnatural Japanese, as one event is positive, while the other is negative)
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Exercise is fun. In addition, it's good for you.
I work late into the night. In addition, I am up early.
This Japanese-style hotel's food is delicious. In addition, the surrounding scenery is beautiful.
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[AIAIJ] An Integrated Approach to Intermediate Japanese
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