Grammar Info

N2 Lesson 2: 8/24


Besides, In addition, Furthermore


その(うえ) + Phrase


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About その上

その(うえ) is a formal expression used in Japanese to indicate that something is 'besides', 'in addition to', or 'furthermore' in relation to the previous statement. It primarily comes at the beginning of sentences before reflecting back on and adding new information in regard to what has already been said.
The literal meaning can be thought of as 'on top of that (B)', where 'that' is the information that has already been mentioned.
  • 高橋(たかはし)さんはとても(あたま)がいい。その(うえ)人柄(ひとがら)もいいので会社(かいしゃ)での評判(ひょうばん)がいいです。
    Takahashi-san is very smart. Furthermore, he has a very good personality so he has a very good reputation in the company.
  • (いま)()んでいる(いえ)はものすごく(ちい)さい。その(うえ)(となり)()んでいる住人(じゅうにん)一日(いちにち)(じゅう)うるさいので、来月(らいげつ)()()そうと(おも)う。
    The house I live in now is extremely small. In addition, the people who live next door are noisy all day long, so I'm thinking of moving out next month.
  • 今日(きょう)学校(がっこう)先生(せんせい)(おこ)られた。その(うえ)(いえ)(かえ)ったら(おや)(おこ)られたのであまりいい一日(いちにち)ではなかった。
    I was scolded by my teacher at school today. In addition, I was scolded by my parents when I came home, so it was not a very good day today.
Despite often being used in formal settings, it is not uncommon to hear this phrase used in daily speech, due to its simplicity in highlighting something being 'in addition'.




    I stayed up late last night knitting. Furthermore, I was woken up early by a phone call so I am really tired.


    It was very cold today. In addition, it decided to rain so my outdoor part time job was really rough.


    I was treated to some great food. Furthermore, I was also given a souvenir. Thank you so much!


    His face is pale. Furthermore, his lips are purple. Is he okay, I wonder?


    He is brave. In addition, he is kind, so there isn't anything to say.

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その上 – Grammar Discussion

Most Recent Replies (7 in total)

  • FredKore


    hmm… Sorry, I’m still not following. These sound so similar.

    The English translations use the same words:
    なお = in addition, incidentally, furthermore, moreover
    その上 = besides, in addition, furthermore

    The structures are the same:
    Phrase1. なお 、+ Phrase2
    その上 + Phrase
    Every example in Bunpro uses two phrases, so even though その上 doesn’t say Phrase1, there’s always a Phrase1.

    They’re both in the formal register.

    How do I distinguish these two from each other?

  • mrnoone


    Hey @FredKore
    I tried to describe it a bit, I hope it will be understandable.

    So when なお is used as an adverb meaning “even more” or “still” it can be replaced with そのうえ.

    She is pretty and on top of that smart.

    On the other hand, when なお is used as a conjunction it cannot really be replaced with そのうえ because they are used in different situations.

    そのうえ introduces some additional, similar statement with emphasis. For example, can be used to describe two situations, states, reasons. Notice that clause following そのうえ often contains “も” or “まで”.

    I stayed up late last night knitting. Furthermore (on top of that) , I was woken up early by a phone call so I am re...

  • FredKore


    Thank you for the detailed reply!

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