Grammar Info
N5 Lesson 5: 11/12

To, Toward

Noun +
Part of Speech Particle
Word Type Case Marking Particle
Register Standard
品詞 助詞
単語の種類 格助詞
使用域 一般
is a particle used when describing a place that someone or something is ‘moving toward’, or ‘in contact with’. In many cases, the particles and are interchangeable, but there is a slight difference in meaning. focuses more on the distance/effort required to get between (A) and (B), while focuses more on the connection between (A) and (B). always comes after the noun signifying the destination.
  • 私(わたし)フランスへ行(い)く
    I will go to France.
  • 明日(あした)東京(とうきょう)行(い)
    I will go to Tokyo tomorrow.
In these examples, while they may seem the same at first glance, shows that there is a space between (A) and (B), while puts the emphasis solely on the destination. This is why common expressions such as ‘city/country name ようこそ’ sound very polite. It is like saying ‘Welcome, and we acknowledge your journey/effort to get here’.
  • 大阪(おおさか)ようこそ!
    Welcome to Osaka!
  • BPRニュースようこそ。
    Welcome to BPR News.
In the TV-show example, this commonly means ‘thank you for your effort to watch this particular show, out of all the ones you could have chosen’.
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Welcome to Osaka.
[~へようこそ is a set phrase meaning "Welcome to ~"] 
To here?
I go to Osaka by train.
Genki I
Page 61
Genki I 2nd Edition
Page 91
みんなの日本語 I
Page 38 [CH 5]
[DBJG] A Dictionary of Basic Japanese Grammar
Page 116
Tae Kim's Japanese Grammar Guide
Page 57