is a construction used in Japanese to convey that someone or something is existing in a constant state of ‘doing’ the verb that comes before て
. In English, depending on the verb, this can be translated as ‘is (A)’, ‘am (A), or ‘are (A)~ing’. The expression is made by adding いる
to the て
form of either る-Verbs
, or う-Verbs
Due to いる being one of the verbs for ‘existing’ in Japanese, the ている
form means something closer to ‘continuing to exist in a specific state’, rather than (A)~ing in English. This is why verbs like 死（し）ぬ
, and 知（し）る
, appear as the ている
form in Japanese, when they would appear as the past form in English.
You are already dead.
Do you know who this is?