Grammar Info
N2 Lesson 2: 4/24

more than, no less than, even more

Verb + 以上に
[い]Adjective + 以上に
[な]Adjective + 以上に
Noun + 以上に
以上 + + Noun
Register Standard
使用域 一般
Like other structures that include 以上(いじょう) ‘beyond’, 以上(いじょう)に highlights that (A) is beyond some specific extent. In this grammar pattern, the 格助詞(かくじょし) (case-marking particle) に will indicate the word that 以上(いじょう)に is attached to as an amount.
With (A) being considered as ‘beyond’ something, 以上(いじょう)に can be translated as ‘more than (A)’, or ‘even more than (A)’. 以上(いじょう)に may be used after verbs, い-Adjectives, な-Adjectives, or nouns in their standard forms.
  • 新(あたら)しく発売(はつばい)した商品(しょうひん)の評判(ひょうばん)が思(おも)っていた以上(いじょう)に良(よ)かったのでびっくりした。
    I was surprised to find that the newly launched product was more well-received than I had expected.
  • 今日(きょう)の風(かぜ)は冷(つめ)たい以上(いじょう)に痛(いた)い。
    More than it is cold, today’s wind is painful.
  • 今(いま)節約(せつやく)中(ちゅう)だから必要(ひつよう)以上(いじょう)にお金(かね)を使(つか)わないようにしてる。
    Since I am saving money right now, I am trying not to use more money than necessary.
  • 私(わたし)はスキー以上(いじょう)にスノーボードが好(す)きだ。
    I like skiing more than snowboarding.
Occasionally, に may be replaced by の when a specific amount or quantity is being indicated with a second noun. The noun attached to の may not always obviously be an ‘amount’, but it is something that the speaker is ‘measuring’ in regard to (A).
  • 僕(ぼく)の最初(さいしょ)のライブに想像(そうぞう)していた以上(いじょう)の人(ひと)が集(あつ)まったので、すごく嬉(うれ)しかった。
    I was very happy that more people than I expected showed up to my first concert.
  • 私(わたし)の先輩(せんぱい)は思(おも)った以上(いじょう)の人生(じんせい)を送(おく)っている。
    My senpai is living a better life than I thought.
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The weather was worse than I thought (it would be).
I ordered more food than I am able to eat.
He has more of a life than I thought.

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