Grammar Info
N4 Lesson 5: 6/20

以上(いじょう) ①
more than (or equal to), over・(and) above, any more・greater, exceeding

Actual Amount ≥ Amount + Counter

Structure
Noun + Amount + 以上
それ(1) + 以上

(1) これあれ
Details
Register Standard
使用域 一般
Information
In order to mark something as ‘equal to, or more than (A)’, 以上(いじょう) will be used. This is simply a combination of the kanji 以(い) which means ‘by means of’, and 上(じょう) ‘above’. This expression may also be translated as ‘greater than (A)’, or ‘exceeding (A)’.
To use 以上(いじょう), attach it to the amount that you want to highlight as the ‘minimum’ amount.
  • 70歳(さい)以上(いじょう)人(ひと) 運転(うんてん)ない方(ほう)がいい
    It would be better if people over the age of 70 didn't drive.
  • コンサート500人(にん)以上(いじょう)ファン集(あつ)まっ
    More than 500 fans gathered at the concert.
以上(いじょう) is also regularly used as a statement that translates roughly as ‘the end’, or ‘that’s it’, and is a very common way to say that something has finished.
  • え~っと、ビッグマックセットクォーターパウンダー単品(たんぴん)ナゲット30ピース下(くだ)さい。以上(いじょう)です
    Uhhh, Can I have a Big Mac meal, a quarter pounder, and 30 nuggets? That's all.
Although saying ‘the end’ would sound a bit rude in English in this situation, it is completely natural in Japanese, and literally means ‘the above (list of things I said) is all’.
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その時(とき)100人(にん)以上(いじょう)参加(さんか)した
At that time, more than 100 people attended.
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六(ろく)歳(さい)以上(いじょう)
Ages 6 and over.
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カタカナ全部(ぜんぶ)覚(おぼ)えたけど、2週間(しゅうかん)以上(いじょう)かかりました。
I memorized all of the katakana, but it took over two weeks.
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Tobira
Page 119
[AIAIJ] An Integrated Approach to Intermediate Japanese
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