Grammar Info

N3 Lesson 7: 5/21


Again, Once more, A second time


ふたたび + Phrase


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About 再び

(ふたた) is an adverb that means 'to repeat'. It is regularly translated as 'again', 'once more', or 'a second time'. Usually, (ふたた) will appear at the beginning of a sentence, before some sort of request or statement will be made about what needs to be repeated.
  • (かれ)刑務所(けいむしょ)から()て、(ふたた)犯罪(はんざい)(おか)した。
    After he left prison, he committed a crime once more.
  • (ふたた)ふるさと(もど)りたいです
    I want to go back to my home town again.
Despite meaning 'to repeat', (ふたた) specifically has the nuance of repeating something 'for the second time'. Because of this, it will not be used to highlight things that need to be repeated over and over again.
Unlike また, which is frequently used to express 'again', (ふたた) is quite formal, and will be seen far more often in books/articles, than it will be spoken.
  • また来週(らいしゅう)()ましょう。 (Natural)
    Let's meet again next week.
  • (ふたた)来週(らいしゅう)()ましょう。 (Unnatural)
    Let's meet once more next week.



  • 一度(いちど)コーヒー()りに()って、ふたたび読書(どくしょ)()()かった。

    I got up once to grab some coffee, and then set about reading again.

    • ふたたび(おとず)れた土地(とち)で、(なつ)かしい出会(であ)いがあった。

      Visiting the land once more brought about a nostalgic encounter.

      • (かれ)ふたたび(かみ)飛行機(ひこうき)()ばした。

        He threw a paper airplane a second time.

        • ふたたび(つみ)(おか)さないようにして、真面目(まじめ)()きてください。

          Please live a serious life, make sure to not commit crime again.

          • 不祥事(ふしょうじ)辞職(じしょく)したから、ふたたび選挙(せんきょ)だ。

            He resigned over the scandal, so we will hold an election once more.

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            再び – Grammar Discussion

            Most Recent Replies (1 in total)

            • Johnathan-Weir


              When it says “more formal” that seems mean only really used in written works. Based on Google results anyways.

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