Grammar Info
N4 Lesson 2: 5/17

また
Also, As well, Moreover, Again, Additionally

Structure
また + Phrase
Details
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使用域 一般
叉・又
Information
また, or 又(また) in it’s kanji form, is an expression which means ‘again’, ‘additionally’, ‘also’, or ‘moreover’. This may seem confusing at first, but it may be easier to think of また as meaning ‘repetition of (A)’, where (A) is any particular course of action. This repetition is a bit different to English, in that it can express the same action, or an alternative option. また can be used as a 副詞(ふくし) (adverb), or as a 接続詞(せつぞくし) (conjunction). In this lesson, we will focus on its use as a conjunction.
As with many other conjunctions in Japanese, a phrase/sentence can begin with また, so long as that sentence expresses a complete thought.
  • また遊(あそ)ぼう
    Let's hang out again!
  • また行(い)こう
    Let's go again!
Due to また being quite different to any single word that we have in English, let’s try to make the meaning a bit clearer. Imagine that ‘(A) action always has (B) result’. However, the action which leads to the (B) result could be many different things. Because of this, また can have the following meanings.
The same (A) action is taken - Has the nuance of ‘again’, or ‘moreover’.
A different (A) action is taken - Has the nuance of ‘also’, and ‘additionally’.
  • またカンニング
    You cheated again?
  • 彼(かれ)宇宙飛行士(うちゅうひこうし)であまたアナウンサーでもある
    He is an astronaut, and also an announcer!
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また寝坊(ねぼう)したの?
You overslept again?
またその夢(ゆめ)見(み)たい
I want to dream that dream again.
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また彼(かれ)からチョコもらった
Moreover, I received chocolate from him.
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