Grammar Info

N4 Lesson 5: 4/20

そんな

Such a・Kind of, Something like ~

Structure

そんな + Noun, こんな + Noun, あんな + Noun, どんな + Noun

Details

  • Register

    Standard

  • 使用域

    一般

About そんな・こんな・あんな・どんな

One of the most common ways to convey that something is 'like' something else in casual conversation, is through the use of そんな, こんな, あんな, or どんな (when asking a question). These are not officially words themselves, but are abbreviations that come from そのような, このような, あのような, and どのような.
To use this casual expression, simply say it directly before the noun that you are describing, or enquiring about.
  • そんな()(かた)てはいけません
    You should not phrase it like that.
  • こんな(たか)ものはもらない
    I can't accept a gift this expensive.
  • あんな大人(おとな)なりたくない
    I don't want to become an adult like that.
  • どんな(くつ)()しい
    What kind of shoes do you want?
Because these abbreviations originally come from a longer (more formal) variation, that form may also be used in situations where you would like to sound a little bit more polite.
  • そのような商品(しょうひん)ないです
    We don't have a product like that.
  • このような場合(ばあい)どうすればいいです
    What should we do in a situation like this?
  • あのような運転(うんてん)ないでください
    Please do not drive like that.
  • どのような商品(しょうひん)(さが)です
    What kind of product are you looking for?

Examples

--:--

    こんな(たたみ)大体(だいたい)()やすい

    Tatami mats like these are generally easy to sleep on. (close to speaker)

    あんな駐車場(ちゅうしゃじょう)使(つか)にくい

    A parking lot like that (over there) is hard to use. (far from both speaker and listener)

    そんな技術(ぎじゅつ)(めずら)しい。

    A skill such as that is rare. (close to listener)

    そんなこと()ないでくれませんか。

    Could you not say such things please. (Close to listener)

    どんな(くるま)いい

    What kind of car is good?

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そんな・こんな・あんな・どんな – Grammar Discussion

Most Recent Replies (2 in total)

  • bilowik

    bilowik

    Is there some nuanced differences between this grammar point and the そういう grammar point?

  • Pablunpro

    Pablunpro

    Hi!

    This is what I have in my notes on the そういう grammar:

    "In speech it’s not much different than こんな そんな 、or あんな (which are informal forms of このような そのような 、and あのような ) ".

    This is directly taken from the second resource listed in that grammar point, ELI5: How to use こういう/そういう/ああいう/どういう. : r/LearnJapanese (reddit.com).

    HTH!

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