Grammar Info
N5 Lesson 10: 10/12

To receive, To get, To obtain

Unlike あげる and くれる, に (or から) marks the giver, not the recipient

Giver(*) + Recipient(*)(1) + Object(*)もらう

Recipient(*)(1) + Giver(*) + Object(*)もらう

Giver(*) + Object(*) + Recipient(*)(1)もらう

(*) Giver
Recipent and Object are Nouns
Giver(*) + Recipient(*)(1) + Object(*)もらいます

Recipient(*)(1) + Giver(*) + Object(*)もらいます

Giver(*) + Object(*) + Recipient(*)(1)もらいます

(*) Giver
Recipent and Object are Nouns
Part of Speech Verb
Word Type Independent Word
Register Standard
品詞 動詞
単語の種類 自立語
使用域 一般
もらう is the 3rd verb that is regularly taught together with くれる, and あげる. It is used to highlight that (A) is ‘received’ by someone. However, unlike くれる and あげる (which are used to highlight that something is ‘given’), もらう requires the particle (or から) to mark the giver, not the recipient. or may be used to mark the recipient, as they are the one performing the action of receiving. will mark the object that is being given.
  • 私(わたし)お正月(しょうがつ)おばあちゃんからお金(かね)もらいました
    For New Years, I received money from my grandmother.
  • 彼女(かのじょ)手作(てづく)りケーキもらっ
    (I) received a homemade cake from my girlfriend.
  • (私(わたし)は)今日(きょう)学校(がっこう)チョコレートもらっ
    I received chocolate at school today.
In the second sentence we can see that the recipient has been omitted, while in the third example, the giver was omitted. This is a regular occurrence when using もらう, as the receiver is usually obvious, or the ‘giver’ may not be important to the overall meaning of the sentence.
  • 駅(えき)ティッシュもらっけど欲(ほ)しい?
    I received some tissues at the station, but do you want them?
In this example, the thing that was given is the focus, while the speaker does not consider the ‘giver’ something that needs to be mentioned. Sometimes, for very simple sentences with clear context, neither the ‘giver’, nor the ‘receiver’ needs to be mentioned.
  • これもらっ
    I got this!
Slow Male
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I received chopsticks and a glass from my grandmother.
(I) receive blue flowers from her (my girlfriend).
(I) received a warm sweater from (my) friend.
Genki II 2nd Edition
Page 57
みんなの日本語 I
Page 50 [CH 7]
Tae Kim's Japanese Grammar Guide
Page 174