Grammar Info

N3 Lesson 1: 11/22

(あま)

So much...that

Structure

Verb + あまり + (Negative Result) Phrase
[い]Adjective[さ]+ + あまり + (Negative Result) Phrase
[い]Adjective[み]+ + あまり + (Negative Result) Phrase
[な]Adjective + + あまり + (Negative Result) Phrase
Noun + + あまり + (Negative Result) Phrase

Details

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    Standard

  • 使用域

    一般

About あまり

As a noun, あまり means 'excess', and refers to an amount of something that is in surplus. This noun is quite often used after many different types of words, to indicate that something happened/exists to an excessive degree (which then resulted in something negative occurring). By itself, (あま)り is not negative. However, this grammar point can be thought of as a set phrase that is generally used in negative situations.
To use あまり, you will need to attach it to the end of the following structures. A verb, an い-Adjective (that has been turned into a noun through the use of さ or み) followed by の, a な-Adjective followed by な, or a noun followed by の. Then, after あまり, a (B) phrase will highlight what the negative result was.
  • (かれ)仕事(しごと)()わらせること集中(しゅうちゅう)するあまり終電(しゅうでん)(のが)しました。
    He was so concentrated on finishing his work that he missed the last train.
  • トムは(あつ)さのあまり()(うしな)った。
    It was so hot that Tom fainted.
  • 彼女(かのじょ)(かれ)(わか)れて、(かな)しみのあまりボーっている
    She broke up with her boyfriend and is so sad that she is spacing out a lot.
  • (かれ)音楽(おんがく)()あまり仕事(しごと)()めてバンド(つく)った。
    He likes music so much that he quit his job and started a band.
  • ヤスエは(はじ)めてライブで、緊張(きんちょう)あまり上手(うま)(うた)なかった
    Yasue had her first concert, and she was so nervous that she couldn't sing well.
Caution
The tense of the overall sentence will be dependent on the first clause. Therefore, it is common to see the verb before あまり being used in several different tenses.
  • 先輩(せんぱい)()(かい)(さけ)沢山(たくさん)()んだあまり一人(ひとり)(かえ)ことができなかった
    Senpai drank so much at the party that he couldn't get home by himself.
  • 最近(さいきん)彼女(かのじょ)(わか)れた友達(ともだち)心配(しんぱい)するあまり友達(ともだち)(はな)()()った
    I was so worried about my friend, who has broken up with his girlfriend recently, that I went to his place to listen to him vent.
  • 社長(しゃちょう)社員(しゃいん)全員(ぜんいん)(おそ)れられているあまり(だれ)社長(しゃちょう)提案(ていあん)否定(ひてい)ない
    The CEO of our company is so feared by all of the workers that no one will criticize his decisions.

Examples

  • 旅行(りょこう)への(たの)しみあまり今日(きょう)()れなさそう。

    I am so excited for my trip that it seems like I won't be able to sleep tonight.

  • トムは(おどろ)あまり(なに)()えなかった。

    Tom was so surprised that he was speechless.

  • 美味(おい)あまり()べるのは()きない。

    It is so delicious that I can never get tired of eating it.

  • ある()王様(おうさま)()べすぎあまり()()がることができなかった。

    One day, the king ate so much that he wasn't able to stand up.

  • (かな)あまり言葉(ことば)(うしな)った。

    I was so distraught that I was at a loss for words.

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あまり – Grammar Discussion

Most Recent Replies (12 in total)

  • Daru

    Daru

    About 1 year ago

    Hey @CrisH!

    I’d like to first build upon what you’ve already said. Both ~み and ~さ nominalize adjectives. Note the following:

    • Not all adjectives can nominalize into BOTH み and さ.
    • When you’re using ~み (悲しみ・温かみ・厚み)you’re just describing what you see and making it a noun. Which is why you often see it as “-ness”: Sadness, Warmness (literal), Thickness. This doesn’t work with ALL adjectives, for example you can’t stay 大きみ since “bigness” isn’t really a thing, but…
    • You can say how big a big thing is. 大きさ・重さ would be closer to “size” and “weight”, since you can measure it or compare levels of.
  • pasi

    pasi

    About 2 months ago

    Hey, I have a question about one of the examples for this grammar point. This isn’t strictly related to the grammar in question but other part of the sentence:

    旅行への楽しみさの余り、今日は寝れなさそう

    What is the なさ in 寝れなさそう?

  • IcyIceBear

    IcyIceBear

    About 2 months ago

    It’s how the negative verb pairs with そう

    そう grammar discussion

    Helpful comment from that discussion

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