Grammar Info
N2 Lesson 8: 7/22

in addition, on top of that, what is more, to make matters worse


おまけに + Phrase
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使用域 一般
お負(ま)けに is a phrase which often functions as a conjunction between the (A) and (B) parts of a sentence in order to show that (B) is ‘in addition to (A)’.
This structure stems from the common use of the noun お負(ま)け which indicates a ‘discount’ or ‘freebie’ that is added in addition to the base of (A). Despite お負(ま)け itself primarily being used for positive things お負(ま)けに may convey ‘in addition’, ‘on top of that’, or ‘what’s more’ regardless of whether the original topic is a good thing or not. However, (A) and (B) will always either be both good things, or both bad things, never a mixture of both.
Being a combination of お負(ま)け and に, this phrase will appear either at the beginning of a new sentence, or at the beginning of a second clause of a 2-part sentence.
  • 今日(きょう)は仕事(しごと)に遅刻(ちこく)して部長(ぶちょう)に怒(おこ)られたし、おまけに取引先(とりひきさき)の人(ひと)も怒(おこ)らせちゃったから、今日(きょう)は最悪(さいあく)の日(ひ)だったよ。
    Today was one of the worst days because I got yelled at by my boss for being late to work, and to make it worse, I upsetted one of our clients.
  • 昨日(きのう)は彼氏(かれし)に美味(おい)しいご飯(はん)をご馳走(ちそう)してもらって、おまけにプレゼントまでもらった。
    Yesterday, my boyfriend treated me to a delicious dinner and on top of that he even gave me a gift.
  • パソコンが全然(ぜんぜん)立(た)ち上(あ)がらない。おまけにスマホの充電(じゅうでん)がないから仕事(しごと)が全然(ぜんぜん)できない。
    My computer won’t turn on. To make matters worse, my smartphone is out of battery, so I can’t work at all.
Fun-fact - An important distinction between phrases like それに and お負(ま)けに is that お負(ま)けに keeps its original meaning of (B) being some kind of ‘bonus’. What this means is that whatever the speaker is trying to convey, (A) by itself is enough to meet some specific qualifications, and (B) is just adding ‘insult to injury’, or ‘icing on the cake’, depending on whether it is a good or a bad thing.
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I have cleaned the house. On top of that, I have also made lunch.
Not only has my bike been stolen, but to make matters worse, it looks like it is going to rain.
This second-hand computer has a hard disc that is fast, and what is more, it is cheap. It is really great.

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