Grammar Info

N4 Lesson 9: 14/16

~たばかり

Just did, Something just happened

ばっかり, ばっか, ばかし, and ばっかし are all fairly common casual variations of ばかり

Structure

Verb[た]+ ばかり

Details

  • Register

    Standard

  • 使用域

    一般

Rare Kanji

許り

About たばかり

As an adverbial particle, ばかり usually has one of three basic meanings.
Degree: 程度(ていど) - Highlights the 'rough' amount/degree of something (similar to くらい).
Limit: 限定(げんてい) - Highlights the 'limit' of something (similar to だけ).
Completion: 完了(かんりょう) - Highlights the 'end', or 'completion' of something.
In this lesson, we will focus primarily on the completion meaning. When connecting ばかり to the past form of a verb (using た), it will imply that a specific action has 'just finished', 'just stopped', or 'just been completed'.
  • (えき)()たばかり友達(ともだち)から「やっぱり今日(きょう)(あそ)ないメッセージ()
    Just as I got to the station, I got a message from my friend saying, 'Actually, I can't hang out today'.
  • 一回(いっかい)(おく)たばかり先生(せんせい)(おこ)られ
    I got scolded by my teacher for being late just once.
  • さっき()たばかりから、お(なか)まだ()ていない
    I just ate earlier, so I am still not hungry.
Fun Fact
Despite having three different meanings, ばかり can be thought of as always highlighting how close one thing is to another.
Degree: 程度(ていど) - Highlights (A)'s degree of closeness (to a stated amount).
Limit: 限定(げんてい) - Highlights (A)'s degree of closeness (to a description).
Completion: 完了(かんりょう) - Highlights (A)'s degree of closeness (to a point in time).

Examples

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  • (いま)(いえ)()たばかりです

    I just left home.

    • 電車(でんしゃ)()たばかり携帯(けいたい)()とした

      Just when I got on the train, I dropped my phone.

      • ユミ彼氏(かれし)出来(でき)()たばかり

        I just heard that Yumi got a boyfriend.

        • また海外(かいがい)()の?先週(せんしゅう)台湾(たいわん)()たばかりじゃない

          You are going abroad again? Didn't you just go to Taiwan last week?

          • その漢字(かんじ)(なら)たばかりなのにもう(わす)

            Even though I just learned that kanji, I already forgot it.

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            たばかり – Grammar Discussion

            Most Recent Replies (12 in total)

            • FredKore

              FredKore

              I just got the same sentence and had the same reaction.

              電車に乗ったばかりで携帯を落とした。
              Just when I got on the train, I dropped my phone.

              It might be better to have a translation like this:
              I just got on the train, and I dropped my phone.
              (I think the で makes it tricky to translate.)

            • CroAniki

              CroAniki

              Just started this grammar point, thanks for answering a question I had in my head so succinctly!
              I think it would be a great addition to the grammar point page as a “Caution” segment or something like that.

            • nkali

              nkali

              Necroposting here so it’ll be attached to the grammar point discussion. It seems Bunpro does not accept casual versions (ばっかり、ばかし、ばっかし) even in non-keigo questions? I was a bit surprised by that, and need to keep myself in check and retype the answer every time I type ばっかり

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