Grammar Info

N4 Lesson 4: 18/18

()

To suddenly begin, To start doing

Structure

Verb[ます+ だす

Details

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About だす

だす, or () in its kanji form is a verb that is regularly attached to the conjunctive form of other verbs. When it is connected in this way, it has the meaning of 'to suddenly do (A)', or 'to burst into (A)'.
To use this construction, simply add だす to the ます stem (conjunctive form) of the verb that you want to highlight as happening 'suddenly'.
  • 最初(さいしょ)から(はや)(はし)だすのは(からだ)()ない
    It is not good for your body if you suddenly start running fast.
  • (ころ)息子(むすこ)()だす(まえ)、あめあげる
    I give my son candy before he bursts into tears after falling.
Caution
Unlike はじめる, another common structure which means 'to begin', だす quite often has the nuance of being unintentional, or something that the subject cannot avoid doing (or cannot be controlled). On the other hand, はじめる expresses the direct intention of the subject to do (A).
  • コンサート歌手(かしゅ)(うた)(うた)(はじ)める
    At the concert, the singer will start singing. (Something that has been planned to be started)
  • 最近(さいきん)友達(ともだち)授業(じゅぎょう)(ちゅう)(うた)だした
    Recently, my friend suddenly burst into song during class. (Something that happened without any prior plan/expectation)

Examples

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  • (かれ)(こた)()()(とき)くしゃみした

    He sneezed just as he started to say the answer.

    • あの()(きゅう)()()した

      That child suddenly started crying.

      • 面白(おもしろ)こと(いま)(おも)()した

        I suddenly remembered something funny.

        • 夜中(よなか)(おっと)(きゅう)餃子(ぎょうざ)(つく)()した

          My husband suddenly started to make dumplings in the middle of the night.

          • (なに)()わないで(はし)りだした

            Without saying a word, he suddenly began running.

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            だす – Grammar Discussion

            Most Recent Replies (3 in total)

            • shark_darpel

              shark_darpel

              Seems like a hint against 始める might be good for this one:

              夜中に夫が急に餃子を___

              I used 始める and was marked wrong.

            • Fuga

              Fuga

              Hi there! We have just added a hint for that!

            • Superpnut

              Superpnut

              Almost all of the review questions want 出した
              So maybe could we make the grammar point : だす/だした
              Or maybe at least add/change some sentences to use だす because at this point I just wanna see it be the answer once for it’s questions :c

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