Grammar Info

N5 Lesson 10: 12/12

つもりだ

To plan to, To intend to

Structure

Verb[る] + つもり +
Verb[ない]+ つもり + (*)
Verb + つもり + (1) + ない(**)

(1)
(*) To intend not to
(**) To have no intention of

Details

  • Part of Speech

    Noun

  • Word Type

    Auxiliary Verb

  • Register

    Standard

  • 品詞

    名詞

  • 単語の種類

    助動詞

  • 使用域

    一般

Rare Kanji

積もり

About つもりだ

つもり (or です) is a grammar point that can have several meanings in Japanese, but is often translated simply as 'intend to (A)', or 'plan to (A)'. It can be used after the plain (dictionary) form of verbs, or after the ない form.

In the last two sentences, there is quite a large difference in nuance, and can be thought of as similar to the difference between 'to intend not to' ないつもり, and 'to have no intention of' つもりない in English. The former will mean that (A) is being actively avoided, while the latter will indicate that one simply has no plans to (A).

Fun Fact

The literal meaning of つもり comes from the verb ()もる, which means 'to pile up', or 'to load'. Due to this, つもり is regularly used to describe people that are doing something that is out of character for them, meaning that they have 'piled up' whatever feeling was required to act that way.

  • それ(あやま)てるつもり?
    Is that intended to be an apology? (Do you really think that is an apology?)

In this example, the nuance of つもり is 'so you're really going to act like you're apologizing?!' However, the literal meaning is closer to 'so you've really piled up enough (nerve) in order to act like that's an apology?!'

Caution

The in つもりない is interchangeable with or じゃ (usually では is not used). The difference in nuance is that gives the impression of being 'uninterested' in (A), while じゃ simply expresses that (A) is not the intended result.

  • 今日(きょう)先生(せんせい)(はな)つもりない。
    I don't have any intention to talk to the teacher today.
  • 今日(きょう)(なに)()つもりじゃない
    I don't intend on buying anything today.

Examples

--:--

  • 日本(にほん)()つもりだ

    I intend to go to Japan.

    • 日本語(にほんご)勉強(べんきょう)するつもりだ

      I intend to study Japanese.

      • 日本語(にほんご)勉強(べんきょう)して日本(にほん)()つもりだ

        I intend to study Japanese and go to Japan.

        • 明日(あした)(はや)()きるつもりです

          I intend to wake up early tomorrow.

          • (くるま)()つもりです

            I intend to go by car.

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            つもりだ – Grammar Discussion

            Most Recent Replies (17 in total)

            • jugglenutz

              jugglenutz

              When using a -する noun/verb, should するbe included or omitted?
              Ex: 自転車屋を連絡(する?)つもりです

            • Fuga

              Fuga

              Hey @jugglenutz !

              Since this grammar point is used after verbs and ない forms, you do need to include する after する verbs!

              Ex:自転車屋に連絡するつもりです。

              Using つもり right after nouns will make the sentence sound very unnatural.

              Ex:自転車屋に連絡つもりです。(Unnatural)

              I hope this answers your question!

            • jugglenutz

              jugglenutz

              Perfect, thanks so much.

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