Grammar Info

N4 Lesson 1: 7/18

~ていく

To ~ and go, To go on, To start

Structure

Verb[て]+ いく

Details

  • Register

    Standard

  • 使用域

    一般

About ていく

This grammar construction is a mix of the conjunction particle , and the verb ()く 'to go'. To use this grammar point, you will need to attach to any verb, and then follow it with いく.

This nuance is usually that '(A) happened and then went', or 'will happen, and then go'. In other words, it will depend on whether いく is in present, or past tense.

ていく can be used when representing time, or when representing a physical place. When representing a physical place, it is more likely that the kanji structure, ()く will be used. However, this is not a set rule, and depends on the writer.

When used in relation to time, the nuance is usually that something has already started/is about to start, and then will continue to progress in the same way.

This is the opposite of てくる, which indicates that something has finally reached a certain state, after progressing in that way for some time.

Fun Fact

When compared to English, ていく is very similar to the phrase 'to go on to (A)', in relation to time. It focuses on the fact that the speaker is required to make some type of journey to arrive at a specific point. For example, 'She went on to become a doctor after university'.

Examples

--:--

  • (おお)きい(おと)(とり)()でいく

    With a loud noise, the birds will fly away.

    The birds cause a loud noise when they fly away.

    • これ先生(せんせい)()いっください。

      Please take this to the teacher.

      • 友達(ともだち)プレゼント()ていく

        I am going to buy a present and take it to my friend.

        • 大丈夫(だいじょうぶ)弁当(べんとう)()()から

          It's okay! Because I will take a lunch (bento) with me.

          • 今日(きょう)テスト()けるから鉛筆(えんぴつ)()ていく

            Because I am going to take a test today, I will take a pencil.

            • Get more example sentences!

              Premium users get access to 12 example sentences on all Grammar Points.

            Self-Study Sentences

            Study your own way!

            Add sentences and study them alongside Bunpro sentences.

            ていく – Grammar Discussion

            Most Recent Replies (17 in total)

            • _czmAvery

              _czmAvery

              Hi there. I’m struggling with the example: 車で行くのは危険なので、電車に乗っていってください。

              is this an "ていく” grammar point because the speaker’s desire for the listener to take a train exists and is growing? Or, maybe, is the speaker asking the listener to regularly take the train?

              I just don’t see the progressiveness/perpetuity that I’ve seen in other examples of this grammar point in this sentence.

            • dharlequin

              dharlequin

              Hello!

              I am really struggling to understand the nuance of this grammar point. How is it different from just using the verb as most of the examples are translated to?

              It’s clear, when the translation is “to go and do something”. But when the translation is just one verb without anyone or anything going anywhere, then I don’t understand why I or anyone would use this longer phrasing.

            • RareRecharge

              RareRecharge

              I’m also struggling with this grammar point despite reading the lesson and previous comments.

              I don’t think I full understand why the example 今日うちで食べて行く? means would you like to eat at my place.

              今日うちで食べにく? makes sense as “tonight, do you want to go and eat at my place” (invitation)

              今日うちで食べていく? to me sounds like "tonight, do you want to eat at my place and go (somewhere). " (invitation)

              I’m not sure how the latter just means Do you want to go and eat at my place tonight?

              Can someone help me understand please?

            Got questions about ていく? Join us to discuss, ask, and learn together!

            Join the Discussion