This grammar point is a combination of the conjunction particle て
, and the verb 来（く）る
‘to come’. To use this grammar point, you will need to attach て
to any verb, and then follow it with くる
. This nuance is usually that ‘(A) happened, and then came’, or ‘will happen, and then come’. In other words, it will depend on whether くる
is in present, or past tense.
I forgot to bring my homework today too. (To ‘come with’ homework was forgotten)
Dad, I bought the potatoes. (Bought and ‘came with’)
can be used when representing time, or when representing a physical place. When representing a physical place, it is more likely that the kanji structure, 来（く）る
will be used. However, this is not a set rule, and depends on the writer.
When used in relation to time, the nuance is usually that something has already come to pass, or will start to happen from now.
This is the opposite of ていく
, which indicates that something will change from the way that it is now, or will continue progressing in a certain way.
When compared to English, てくる is very similar to the phrase ‘to have come to (A)’, in relation to time. This means that it focuses on the fact that the speaker will ‘become (A)’, should things continue in a specific way. In practice though, it is used like ‘gotten’ in most situations.