Grammar Info

N2 Lesson 3: 5/23


Regardless of, Whether or, No matter, With or without


Noun (A) + (1) + Noun (B) + にかかわら(2)
A(3) + + B(3) + + にかかわら(2)
A(4) + (Antonym) A(4) + にかかわら(2)
A(3) + かどうか(5) + にかかわら(2)
A(3) + A[ない](3) + にかかわら(2)

(1) ・、
(2) にかかわらなく
(3) Noun、 [な]Adjective[い]Adjective、 Verb
(4) [い]Adjective[な]Adjective
(5) (いな)


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About にかかわらず

In order to convey 'regardless of (A)', 'no matter if (A)', or 'with or without (A)', the expression (かか)わらず will often be used. This is a combination of に, the う-Verb (かか)わる 'to be affected', 'to be influenced', and the literary auxiliary verb ず, which connects with verbs in the same way, and carries the same meaning as ない.
This structure may be seen with verbs or adjectives in either their dictionary or negative forms, or with nouns in their dictionary form. Frequently the same word is repeated in both the positive and the negative, or grouped with かどうか in order to strengthen the 'whether (A) or not (A)' nuance.
  • (あめ)()るか()らないか(かか)わらず運動会(うんどうかい)開催(かいさい)されます。
    The sports day will be held, regardless of whether it rains or not.
  • このビーチは天気(てんき)がいいかどうか(かか)わらず毎日(まいにち)サーファーたちで(にぎ)わっています。
    This beach is crowded with surfers regardless of the weather.
  • 上手(うま)下手(へた)(かか)わらず何事(なにごと)一生懸命(いっしょうけんめい)やるのが大切(たいせつ)だ。
    Regardless of if you are good or bad, it is important to do your best at everything you do.
  • (かれ)性別(せいべつ)国籍(こくせき)(かか)わらず(だれ)とでも友達(ともだち)になれる。
    Regardless of gender or nationality, he is able to become friends with anyone.
As the literal meaning of this structure is 'without being influenced by (A), (B)', or 'without being affected by (A), (B)', the primary nuance is on the fact that (B) is something that exists or will happen without consideration for (A). Due to this, (かか)わらず may also be used to show that 'any type of (A) will result in the same (B)'.
  • このゲームは年齢(ねんれい)(かか)わらず(だれ)でも(たの)しめます!
    Regardless of age, anyone can enjoy this game!




    Regardless of the weather, even if it's rainy, the annual apartment building weeding event will take place.


    Regardless of gender or age, people walk for their health every day.


    Regardless of having a strong sense of justice or not, as long as one can perform the activities responsibly, then they can become a volunteer.


    Advertisement: 'Regardless if you are a member or not, limited to this week only, in celebration of our one-year anniversary, we are holding a free admission event!'


    Regardless of whether you have used the product or not, according to the company policy, we do not accept refunds.

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にかかわらず – Grammar Discussion

Most Recent Replies (4 in total)

  • mrnoone


    Thanks for informing us! I have replaced the link!

  • wrt7MameLZE33wlmpCAV


    There’s a fundamental disconnect between the sturcture details of this grammar point and several of the example sentences. Ever single structural example shows a pairing of contrasting words (expressed various ways), and yet there are multiple example sentences that do not follow this pattern:


    I think the structure details are in need of revision to better accommodate the two different patterns.

  • Bruinvis


    Why are 'のいかんにかかわらず・のいかんによらず・のいかんを問わず ’ not correct as an alternative to ’ にかかわらず’ in the following sentence?


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