N5 Lesson 4: 8/13
る - Verbs[た] る - Verbs[ました]

る - Verbs[た]

る - Verbs Past Tense

Structure Legend
​​食べ +
​​見 +
​​寝 +
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The past form of the verb is used to express actions that were completed or things that existed in past ( someone did/was)…, actions that happened at some unknown time in the past (experiences), and actions that happened in the past but have effect in the present (someone has done…).
The past short form of るverbs is formed by replacing the る of the dictionary form with the suffix た, for the polite form, the suffixes ました is used instead.

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Try N5 : Page 39
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Tae Kim's Japanese Grammar Guide : Page 50
Genki I : Page 79 & 174
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みんなの日本語 I, Translation & Grammatical Notes : Page 34 & 124