Grammar Info

N5 Lesson 4: 7/13

る-Verb (Past)

る - Verbs (Past tense)


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  • Part of Speech


  • Word Type

    Auxiliary Verb

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About る-Verb (Past)

To make the past form of a る-Verb in Japanese, just like all other conjugations of る-Verbs, you will need to remove the る first. After this, all you need to do is add the auxiliary verb た (casual), or ました (polite).
  • ドア()
    I open the door
  • ドア()
    I opened the door.
  • ドア()ました
    I opened the door.
Fun Fact
ました is actually just ます conjugated with た on the end of it, so it is two (2) auxiliary verbs, not just one. This means that only た gives the meaning of 'past' to a word, while ます keeps it's regular role of making the verb more polite.
When た is added to verbs (or any other word), it can have one of three possible meanings.
Past: 過去(かこ) - Happened at some point in the past. (Did/Was)
Completion: 完了(かんりょう) - An action that has finished 'happening'. (Done)
Continuation: 存続(そんぞく) - A new state of something that is continuing. (Has been done)
  • たかし1994(ねん)()まれ
    Takashi was born in 1994. (An example of past)
  • 今朝(けさ)、テスト()
    I took the test this morning. (An example of completion)
  • (かれ)名前(なまえ)(わす)
    I forgot his name, and still can't remember. (An example of continuation)


  • 昨日(きのう)テレビ()

    I watched TV yesterday.

  • 日本(にっぽん)寿司(すし)()べた

    I ate sushi in Japan.

  • ひらがなカタカナ(おぼ)えた

    I remembered hiragana and katakana.

  • 彼女(かのじょ)リンク(わか)

    She broke up with Link.

  • シャワー()びた

    I took a shower.

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