Grammar Info
N3 Lesson 9: 6/22

切(き)る
to do something completely to the end, utterly, resolutely

Structure
Casual
Polite
Verb[ます+ 切る
Verb[ます+ 切ります
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使用域 一般
Information
Another verb that is often seen used after the 連用形(れんようけい) (conjunctive form) of other verbs is the う - Verb 切(き)る ‘to cut’. 切(き)る will give the (A) verb the nuance of being done ‘to completion’. However, the ‘completion’ that is being conveyed with 切(き)る is usually caused by the running out of some kind of resource, like energy. Due to this, 切(き)る is often translated as ‘to do (A) to the point of being unable to continue’ (or not needing to continue), or ‘to totally and utterly do (A)’.
  • 自分(じぶん)は全部(ぜんぶ)使(つか)い切(き)るまで、新(あたら)しいの買(か)わない
    Personally, I don't buy new ones until I use everything up.
  • 今日(きょう)はライトノベル2冊(さつ)も読(よ)み切(き)った
    I finished reading 2 light novels today.
  • 水筒(すいとう)水(みず)飲(の)み切(き)ったまだのど渇(かわ)いている
    I finished drinking the water in my bottle, but am still thirsty.
Occasionally, 切(き)る may also be used to show that (A) is being done at ‘full pelt’, ‘full steam’, or ‘full capacity’. In these cases, it is similar to ‘to resolutely do (A)’, and just means that 100% effort is being put into the action.
  • このカーブはスピード落(お)とさずに走り切(き)る重要(じゅうよう)
    At this curve, it is important to drive at full pelt without slowing down.
  • 今回(こんかい)大会(たいかい)全力(ぜんりょく)出(だ)し切(き)ることができて良(よ)かったです
    I am happy that I was able to do the best that I can do at this tournament. (Full capacity of power)
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先週末(せんしゅうまつ)、三冊(さんさつ)のマンガを読(よ)切(き)った
I finished reading three manga last weekend.
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給料(きゅうりょう)をもらった日(ひ)に使(つか)切(き)ってしまった。
I completely used up my entire paycheck the day I got it.
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疲(つか)切(き)っていたから、私(わたし)の代(か)わりに兄(あに)お母(かあ)さんの迎(むか)えに行(い)かせた。
Because I was completely worn out, I had my brother go pick up my mother in my place.
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