Grammar Info
N5 Lesson 6: 13/13

な (Prohibitive)
Do not, Don't (prohibitive)

Structure
Verb +
Details
Part of Speech Particle
Word Type Sentence Ending Particle
Register Standard
品詞 助詞
単語の種類 終助詞
使用域 一般
Information
is classified as a 終助詞(しゅうじょし), or ‘sentence ending particle’ in Japanese. It may also be said as なあ. When attached to the base (dictionary) form of a verb, it has the nuance of strongly demanding that someone ‘not’ do something.
  • 危険(きけん)!触(さわ)!
    Danger! Don't touch!
  • 「家(いえ)中(なか)走(はし)!」お母(かあ)さん言(い)っ
    My mother said, “Don't run in the house!”
The used with verbs is the same that is often used in sentences describing things that you want, or think are good (for yourself).
  • ここラーメン美味(おい)し
    The ramen here is good, yeah? (I think it’s good, and I’m letting you know)
In this way, can be thought of as the opposite of the sentence ending particle . highlights that you are expressing a mutual thought, or something that can be shared between the speaker and the listener. , on the other hand, shows that something is for the speaker only, or only the speaker has intimate knowledge of it. This is why it comes across as ‘don’t’ (when used after a verb), as you are literally saying ‘this (verb) is not for you!’
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行(い)く
Don’t go.
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ここサッカーする
Don’t play soccer here.
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泣(な)く
Don’t cry.
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Online
Wasabi
Books
みんなの日本語 II
Page 54 [CH 33]
[DBJG] A Dictionary of Basic Japanese Grammar
Page 46 & 266
Tae Kim's Japanese Grammar Guide
Page 183