Grammar Info
N2 Lesson 3: 2/21

ざるを得(え)ない
can't help doing, have no choice but

する→ざるを得ない, くる→ざるを得ない

Structure
Casual
Formal
Verb[ない+ ざる得ない
Verb[ない+ ざる得ません
Details
Register Formal
使用域 硬い
Information
  • [Often used in formal settings]
  • [ざる is an archaic negative form of a verbs (ない) structure]
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田中(たなか)さんとても忙(いそが)しかったのでゴルフの誘(さそ)いを断(ことわ)らざるを得(え)なかった
Mr. Tanaka was so busy he had no choice but to turn down an invitation to play golf.
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今(いま)まで使(つか)った顕微鏡(けんびきょう)が壊(こわ)れたから、新(あたら)しいのを買(か)わざるを得(え)ない
The microscope I have been using until now broke, so I have no choice but to buy a new one.
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工場(こうじょう)の排気(はいき)を低(ひく)くざるを得(え)ない
We have no choice but to lower exhaust in the factory.
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Books
Tae Kim's Japanese Grammar Guide
Page 324
Dictionary of Intermediate Japanese Grammar
Page 606