N5 Lesson 6: 12/13
ている② Verb[て] + いる

ている②

state of being
has (have) done
is

⚠ You may come across verb [て] + て (来てて). This is the て-form of ている - 来ていて with い omitted.

Structure Legend
Structure
CasualPolite
Verb[て]+ いる(1)

(1)
[When ている is used with a verb that expresses a change that happens within a moment, it indicates a state of being that is the result of the realization of that verb.
Example: 怒る (to get angry) → realization (got angry) → 怒っている (to be mad/to be in a state of anger) not “to be getting mad”
As you can see, the verb in dictionary form expresses the starting moment, and ている expresses the result and current state.]

Signup to get access to SRS reviews and other great features!
バス今(いま)大阪(おおさか)来(き)ています
Audio coming soon!
The bus is in Osaka now. (The bus has come to Osaka and is there now.)
[Be careful, movement words like いく、帰る、and くる can also be interpreted as progressive actions, so depending on the context, it can also mean “The bus is going to Osaka now.” If you want to convey progressive action in a clear way, you can use 向かう (バスは今大阪に向かっている).]

Tae Kim's Japanese Grammar Guide : Page 117
みんなの日本語 I : Page 93 [CH 14]