Grammar Info

N2 Lesson 3: 12/23

次第(しだい)

Depending on, So

Structure

Noun + 次第(しだい) +
Noun + 次第(しだい)

Details

  • Register

    Standard

  • 使用域

    一般

About 次第だ・次第で

Coming after another noun, 次第(しだい) 'directly following' is a noun that will often be used in a similar way to a suffix. In these cases, it will be followed by だ, or で and a part (B) statement. In this use, 次第(しだい) will be translated as 'depending on (A), (B)', or '(B) depends on (A)'. (A) will most frequently highlight a person or some specific situation that is considered to be in control of what happens next.
  • (ゆめ)をかなえられるかどうかは(きみ)努力(どりょく)次第(しだい)だ。
    Being able to make your dream come true or not depends on you.
  • 第一(だいいち)希望(きぼう)大学(だいがく)(はい)れるかは、試験(しけん)結果(けっか)次第(しだい)だ。
    Whether I can go to the college of my first choice or not, depends on my test results.
  • 内装(ないそう)工事(こうじ)完成(かんせい)()次第(しだい)で、(かぎ)()(わた)()()わる可能性(かのうせい)があります。
    Depending on the completion date of the interior construction, the date for handing over the key may change.
  • 値段(ねだん)次第(しだい)で、ナビを()けるか()けないかを()めます。
    Depending on the price, I will decide on whether I want to install a navigation system or not.
Fun-fact - In all of its nuances, 次第(しだい) just expresses a sequence of events or deciding factors, and what either will or has happened due to that. This link can be seen in other grammar patterns like 次第(しだい) 'as soon as' , and 次第(しだい)です 'due to that', or 'as a result of that'.

Examples

--:--

  • 成功(せいこう)大抵(たいてい)努力(どりょく)次第(しだい)

    Success depends mostly on effort.

    • 天気(てんき)次第(しだい)()(がえ)りか一泊(いっぱく)二日(ふつか)かを()めます。

      Depending on the weather, we will decide on a daytrip or staying overnight.

      • ワイン渋味(しぶみ)濃度(のうど)次第(しだい)

        Wine's astringency depends on its concentration.

        • アイデア次第(しだい)売上(うりあげ)にかなりの(ちが)()てきます。

          Depending on the idea, a considerable difference in sales will show up.

          • 結果(けっか)次第(しだい)は、(あらた)めて(べつ)検査(けんさ)必要(ひつよう)になります。

            Depending on the results, you will need to be checked again using a different test.

            • Get more example sentences!

              Premium users get access to 12 example sentences on all Grammar Points.

            Self-Study Sentences

            Study your own way!

            Add sentences and study them alongside Bunpro sentences.

            次第だ・次第で – Grammar Discussion

            Most Recent Replies (4 in total)

            • wrt7MameLZE33wlmpCAV

              wrt7MameLZE33wlmpCAV

              I just encountered the following example:

              育児がどれくらい大変になるかは、夫や家族がどれくらい協力してくれるか次第だ。
              How difficult child raising becomes depends on how much cooperation your husband and family give you.

              Given that 次第 is a noun suffix, I’m trying to understand how this sentence is grammatical. Does か act as a nominalizer here?

            • mrnoone

              mrnoone

              Hey @wrt7MameLZE33wlmpCAV

              か in here marks an embedded question and in some aspects, you can think of it as a noun phrase. Notice that particle 「は」also follows 「か」in
              育児がどれくらい大変になるかは part.

              This phenomenon is fairly common, for example in English you can also use quotations like nouns in some cases like:
              His “you are doing it wrong” is always pissing me off.

            • wrt7MameLZE33wlmpCAV

              wrt7MameLZE33wlmpCAV

              OK, I see. Yeah, it does make sense now that you put it that way. I think I was interpretting the Noun + 次第だ structure too strictly. So 次第 can also be used with noun phrases. That’s good to know. Thanks!

            Got questions about 次第だ・次第で? Join us to discuss, ask, and learn together!

            Join the Discussion