As a particle, が
has several different uses in Japanese. However, each of these different uses share a common theme. That theme expresses ‘highlighting (A) as important, (B)’. In this use, が
comes across as ‘but’, or ‘however’ in English.
This nuance of が
is used directly after any form of verb or い-Adjective
, but requires one of the conjugations of だ
before it when used with a noun or な-Adjective
I run everyday, but I don't like exercise.
This curry is spicy, but delicious.
Cars are convenient, but dangerous.
Money is important, but time is also important.
From these examples, we can see that が
is simply highlighting that ‘while (A) is important, there is extra information’. が
with the meaning of ‘but’ is considered to be very formal, this is due to it sounding quite direct in asserting that there is extra information.
Sometimes a statement will end with が
. In these cases it just means that more information exists, but it is obvious, so it does not need to be said.