Grammar Info

N4 Lesson 5: 12/20

(よう) + に・な

As・like, Just like

Structure

Verb + よう + + Verb(1)
Verb + よう + + Noun

(1) Adverb、[い]Adjective[な]Adjective

Details

  • Register

    Standard

  • 使用域

    一般

About ように・ような

We have seen many cases now where the auxiliary verb ようだ may be modified slightly to show that something is being done 'in a way' that will bring about a specific outcome. In this lesson, we will look at how ような (when used with nouns), or ように (when used with verbs) may be used with almost any noun/verb, to show that they are being done/existing in a particular manner.
  • (かれ)(かめ)ように(はし)
    He runs like a turtle.
  • バケツひっくり(かえ)ように(あめ)()ている
    It is raining like a bucket was flipped over. (It's pouring rain)
  • (かれ)(くるま)工場(こうじょう)ような(にお)がする
    His car smells like a factory. (His car has an industrial smell)
  • キトウ先生(せんせい)(おに)ような(おこ)(かた)する
    The way Kito-sensei gets mad is like a demon.
Sometimes, this structure is used purely to express the speaker's uncertainty about whether (B) really is being done/existing in the way of (A). In these cases, ように (or ような) will be translated as 'as if', or 'as though'.
  • (かれ)(いま)(ひと)(ころ)ような()ている
    Right now, his eyes look as if he is about to kill someone.

Synonyms

Examples

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  • (かれ)()べすぎたよう(かお)ている

    He looks like he ate too much.

    • あなた()ったよう事故(じこ)()った

      An accident happened just like you said.

      • 10(だい)(もど)ったように(たの)しかった

        It was fun, just like being in my teens again.

        • (きみ)()ように綺麗(きれい)です

          It is beautiful, just like you say.

          • 想像(そうぞう)できないようなアイディア沢山(たくさん)ありました

            I had ideas like you couldn't imagine.

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            ように・ような – Grammar Discussion

            Most Recent Replies (19 in total)

            • Meatdog

              Meatdog

              In the sentence" かれくるま工場こうじょうのようなにおいがする",

              Why is it ような despite 臭い being an い-adjective?

            • IcyIceBear

              IcyIceBear

              Smell 臭い(におい) like “what’s that smell/scent? Apples?”
              Not that it’s “smelly” like 臭い(くさい)the smelly adjective.

              臭い/匂い does end withい but this is a noun. The different kanji can be used, with 臭 having a negative nuance. Although I like factory smelling cars (⁠ب⁠_⁠ب⁠)

            • Meatdog

              Meatdog

              Ah it is good to see you again, I will always remember your Shiny Umbreon PFP lol

              Thank you for the explanation, that makes perfect sense now

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