Grammar Info
N4 Lesson 5: 12/20

様(よう) + に・な
as・like, just like

Structure
Verb + よう + + Verb(1)
Verb + よう + + Noun

(1) Adverb、[い]Adjective[な]Adjective
Details
Register Standard
使用域 一般
Information
We have seen many cases now where the auxiliary verb ようだ may be modified slightly to show that something is being done ‘in a way’ that will bring about a specific outcome. In this lesson, we will look at how ような (when used with nouns), or ように (when used with verbs) may be used with almost any noun/verb, to show that they are being done/existing in a particular manner.
  • 彼(かれ)亀(かめ)ように走(はし)
    He runs like a turtle.
  • バケツひっくり返(かえ)しように雨(あめ)降(ふ)っている
    It is raining like a bucket was flipped over. (It’s pouring rain)
  • 彼(かれ)車(くるま)工場(こうじ)ような臭(にお)いがする
    His car smells like a factory. (His car has an industrial smell)
  • キトウ先生(せんせい)鬼(おに)のような怒(おこ)り方(かた)する
    The way Kito-sensei gets mad is like a demon.
Sometimes, this structure is used purely to express the speaker’s uncertainty about whether (B) really is being done/existing in the way of (A). In these cases, ように (or ような) will be translated as ‘as if’, or ‘as though’.
  • 彼(かれ)今(いま)、人(ひと)殺(ころ)ような目(め)ている
    Right now, his eyes look as if he is about to kill someone.
Slow Male
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彼(かれ)食(た)べすぎたよう顔(かお)ている
He looks like he ate too much.
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あなた言(い)ったよう、事故(じこ)起(お)こった
An accident happened just like you said.
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10代(だい)戻(もど)ったように楽(たの)しかった
It was fun, just like being in my teens again.
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Books
Marugoto Elementary 2 (A2) Rikai
Page 96
[DBJG] A Dictionary of Basic Japanese Grammar
Page 554
Tae Kim's Japanese Grammar Guide
Page 259
[AIAIJ] An Integrated Approach to Intermediate Japanese
Page 39